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Scope: 劉子新論
Condition : Contains text 「䂊」
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卷第四

1
龍之潛也,慶雲未附,則與魚鱉為鄰;驥之伏也,孫陽未賞,必與駑駘同櫪;士之翳也,知己未願,亦與傭流雜處。自非洞明,莫能分也。故明哲之相士,聽之於未聞,察之於未形,而鋻其神智,識其才能,可謂知人矣。若功成事遂,然後知之者,何異耳聞雷霆而稱為聰,目見日月而謂之明乎?故孔方諲之相馬也,雖未追風逐電,絕塵滅影,而迅足之勢固已見矣。薛燭之賞劍也,雖未陸斬玄犀,水截輕羽,而銳刃之資亦已露矣。故范蠡吠於犬竇,文種聞而拜之;鮑龍跪石而吟,仲尼為之下車。堯之知舜,不違桑陰;文王之知呂望,不以永日。眉䀹之微而形於色;音聲之妙而動於心。賢聖觀察,不待成功而知之也。陳平之棄楚歸漢,魏無知識其善謀;韓信之亡於黑水,蕭何知其能將。豈待吐六奇而後明,破趙魏而方識哉?若于臨機能謀而知其智,犯難涉危乃見其勇,是凡夫之識,非明哲之鑒。公輸之刻鳳也,冠距未成,翠羽未樹,人見其身者,謂之龍鵄;見其首者,名曰鴮鸅,皆訾其醜而笑其拙。及鳳之成,翠冠雲聳,朱距電搖,錦身霞散,綺翮焱發。翽然一翥,翻翔雲楝三日而不集,然後讚其奇而稱其巧。堯遭洪水,浩浩滔天,蕩蕩懷山,下民昏墊。禹為匹夫,未有功名,堯深知之,使治水焉。乃鑿龍門,斬荊山,導熊耳,通鳥鼠,櫛奔風,沐驟雨,而目黧䵟,手足胼胝。冠絓不睱取,經門不及過,使百川東注于海,西被于流沙,生人免為魚鱉之患。於是眾人咸歌詠,始知其賢。故見其朴而知其巧者,是王爾之知公輸也;鳳成而知其巧者,是眾人之知公輸也。未有功而知其賢者,是堯之知禹也;有功而知其賢者,是眾人之知禹也。故知人之君,未易遇也。侯生,夷門抱關之吏,見知於無忌。子,范中行之亡虜,蒙異於智伯,名尊而身顯,榮滿於當世,雖復刎頸魏庭,添身趙地,揣情酬德,未報知己虛左之顧,國士之遇也。世之烈士,願為君者授命,猶瞽者之思視,躄者之想行,而目終不得開,足不得伸,徒自悲夫。

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