Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project Wiki
-> -> -> Search for "鼫"
Search details:
Scope: 鼠璞
Condition : Contains text 「鼫」
Total 7

鼠璞

143
《本草》謂螻蛄為鼠,即《荀子》鼯鼠五技而窮者,謂之鼠,而引鼯鼠事,全不可曉。《荀子注》稱:鼯,能飛,不能上屋;能游,不能渡谷;能緣,不能窮木;能走,不能及人;能穴,不能覆身。許氏《說文》言:今河東有碩鼠,大能人立,前兩腳於頭上跳舞。善鳴,食人禾黍。逐則走入空樹中,有五技。《本草》之論,其果然耶?《爾雅》於馨日:天螻也。不聞有鼯、之說。疏曰:一名碩鼠。疏作於本朝諸公,非正文也。於鼠注雖引蔡邕螻蛄之說,郭璞以為形大如鼠,頭似兔,尾有毛,青黃色,好在田中食粟豆,關中呼為鼠,則與蔡說不同。於鼯鼠夷岫注云:似蝙蝠,肉翅,飛且乳,亦名飛生,音如人,食火煙。又與𧐡不類。郭璞《鼯鼠贊》曰:鼯之為鼠,食煙栖林,載飛載乳,乍獸乍禽,反藉孕婦,人為大任。《鼠贊》曰:五能之鼠,伎無能執,應氣而化,翻飛駕集,詩人歌之,無食我粒。是鼯、判然二物,非𧐡明矣。前輩詩用鼯處極多,韓愈詩:猿呼鼯嘯鷓鴣啼;蛟龍出沒猩鼯號。李白詩:鼯啼桂方秋;饑鼯嚬呻。杜甫詩:抨弓落𪕏鼯;饑鼯訴落藤。蘇詩:麏鼯號古戍;饑鼯嗅空案。俱不及於五技。黃詩雖云:五技鼯鼠笑鳩拙。亦不以為馨,前輩嘗以蔡說為非,《本草》必因邕而附益之。不然則螻蛄之五技偶與鼯同,因以名之。若鼠頭、兔尾、人立、跳舞與飛乳、人音,決非螻蛄,明矣。

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2021. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.