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Scope: 虎鈐經
Condition : Contains text 「冂」
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卷二

2
國家行師授律,生殺之柄,大將所主。將者,國之腹心,三軍之司命也。可不慎於選乎?茍欲命將,預以精誠辨其可否者有四:一曰貌,二曰言語,三曰舉動,四曰行事。其一曰貌。凡眉上雙骨橫起而隆<又>者,語言而不純者,目反仰視者,方坐內多虛驚者,行而瞠乎必照後者,目睛多白而有赤焰、瞻視不端者,此六者人有其一,斯人常蘊不臣之心,不可使之也。豐下銳上,神氣安詳者,重德而善安眾人也;目黑多白少,點睛深而神氣與形相副者,機度沉厚,不可以詐動人也;目睛熒朗,五岳相照,燕頷虎頤者,心機疾速、勇而有斷人也;龜背虎臆點睛深而朗徹者,為事沉毅而有謀,不可以名利誘人也;眉目瞻視詳諦而神骨聳峭者,雄壯有智慮人也。是五者人有其一,可使之也。至若神氣重濁,骨相不正,頭薄而淺,頸大腹細,目睛昏瞢,點睛近上,視顧不正,此皆志氣淺劣、智識庸鄙人也。其二曰言語。人有言肆而目駭視者,心懷異圖也;言枝蔓而不徑者,心有隱也;矜大人善唯恐不至者,黨人也;言錯綜而無所歸者,心躁競也;方言而他視者,心不誠也;言卑而色下者,心有所屈也;方言頻四顧者,其辭妄也;言人之短而視不定者,誣罔人也;言多以私事為憂者,顧妻子之人也;言大而理不精者,其學虛也;色悅而徐徐順人意者,佞媚人也;矜己善而斥人不善者,崛強人也;言欲發而卻縮者,含蓄人也;言無公私必及利者,貪人也;色卑而言多諂者,志下劣人也;事曲而言直,氣悖而言順,鄙而言大,事不詳而彊能,理矯而彊正,此皆姦詐人也。是十有六者人有其一,不可使也。言大而意精至者,有識度人也;言希而出必中者,志節人也;言動而必及國家者,忠孝人也;言奮而不迂者,壯直人也;辭寡而意懇者,公正人也;言多及軍吏之私者,善拊恤人也;言及陣敵喜動色者,好勇人也;言及細微而能剖析是非者,有智人也;言迂闊而卒近於理者,識深見遠人也;言少而事詳者,大度人也;語氣和而神色相稱者,善納眾人也;言徐徐而事備者,性緩而有德人也;言速而事當,性急而不暴,有識人也。是十三者人有其一,皆可使之也。其三曰舉動。行有狼顧者,行與坐忽如驚恐者,非時言語而手足紛拿者,方食而不覺棄匙箸者,方坐而首偏口目輒斜動者,行而唯恐有人逐者,欲坐而頻四顧如有所駭者,方言勃氣上騰神色自得者,待下多卑恭而不實者,觀事覺已如不知而目它視者,是十者有其一,此皆心不誠實,多蓄異圖人也,不可使之也。行欲如大輅,足動而身不搖也;坐欲如山岳,形神俱定也;臥欲如覆舟,神氣安詳也。此皆智度深沉、大節崇德人也。是三者人有其一,可使之也。其四曰行事。有人行事先己後人者,好私人也;事繁多而用事不當者,無智人也;作事不急於用者,無益人也;作事有首無尾者,偽人也;先急而後慢者,卒眾庸人也;事不求詳而輒為者,粗疏人也;巧妙而無裨急用者,浮艷人也;所措舍魯鈍而不適用者,愚人也;利害章章而不能析之者,無識人也;臨事而懼者,懦弱人也;進退不決者,無斷人也;記一而忘二者,神昧人也;事虛而構架廣大,以善為惡、以惡為善者,姦人也;善候人之顏色,隨所欲而言者,佞人也。是十四者人有其一,不可使之也。有事簡而用當者,有喜怒之事不露於色者,臨大事而神氣自若者,此謂神有餘人也。有微而不棄,大而不煩者;兇事不懼,美事不喜者;事有眾惑而獨斷之者;事有眾危而獨安之者;事有難動而獨動之者;事有難安而能安之者,此謂志有餘人也。是十者人有其一,皆可使之也。是以知貌也者,神之聚也;言語也者,神之發也;舉動也者,神之用也;行事也者,神之本也。察其神,則盡其為人之道也大矣。況國之命將,可不審於此乎?

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