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-> -> 卷一百〇四

《卷一百〇四》[View] [Edit] [History]

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高祖皇后李氏,晉陽人也。高祖微時,嘗牧馬於晉陽別墅,因夜入其家,劫而取之。及高祖領藩鎮,累封魏國夫人。高祖建義於太原,欲行頒賚於軍士,以公帑不足,議率井邑,助成其事。後聞而諫曰:「自晉高祖建義,及國家興運,雖出於天意,亦土地人民福力同致耳,未能惠其眾而欲奪其財,非新天子恤隱之理也。今後宮所積,宜悉以散之,設使不厚,人無怨言。」高祖改容曰:「敬聞命矣。」遂停斂貸之議。後傾內府以助之,中外聞者,無不感悅。天福十二年,冊為皇后。隱帝即位,尊為皇太后。案:以下疑有闕文。據《資治通鑑》云:隱帝與李業等謀誅楊邠等,議既定,入白太后,太后曰:「茲事何可輕發,更宜與宰相議之。」業時在旁曰:「先帝嘗言,朝廷大事不可謀及書生,懦怯誤人。」太后復以為言,帝忿曰:「國家之事,非閨門所知。」拂衣而出。又云:南北軍遇於劉子陂,帝欲自出勞軍,太后曰:「郭威吾家故舊,非死亡切身,何以至此!但按兵守城,飛詔諭之,觀其志趣,必有辭理,則君臣之禮尚全,慎勿輕出。」帝不從。
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周太祖入京,凡軍國大事,皆請後發教令以行之。是歲,議立徐州節度使赟為帝,以迎奉未至,周太祖乃率群臣拜章,請後權臨朝聽政,後於是稱誥焉。及周太祖為六軍推戴,上章具述其事,且言願事後為慈母。後下誥答曰:「侍中功烈崇高,德聲昭著,翦除禍亂,安定乾坤,謳歌有歸,歷數攸屬,所以軍民推戴,億兆同歡。老身未終殘年,屬茲多難,惟以衰朽,托於始終。載省來箋,如母見待,感念深意,涕泗橫流」云。仍出戎衣、玉帶以賜周太祖。周太祖即位,上尊號曰德聖皇太后,居於太平宮。周顯德元年春薨。案:隱帝未立皇后,據薛史《張彥成傳》云:隱帝娶彥成女。《楊邠傳》云:隱帝所愛耿夫人,欲立為後,邠以為太速,夫人卒,隱帝欲以後禮葬,邠又止之。蓋隱帝在位三年,崩時年二十,故未及冊立皇后也。又,《五代會要》載:漢高祖長女永寧公主,降宋延渥,天福十二年四月封,至乾祐二年十二月,追封秦國長公主。
URN: ctp:ws557914

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