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Chinese Text Project Wiki
-> -> -> Search for "䍿"
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Scope: 周禮注疏
Condition : Contains text 「䍿」
Total 4

卷十二

136
舞師,掌教兵舞,帥而舞山川之祭祀;教帗舞,帥而舞社稷之祭祀;教羽舞,帥而舞四方之祭祀;教皇舞,帥而舞旱暵之事。羽,析白羽為之,形如帗也。四方之祭祀,謂四望也。旱暵之事,謂雩也。暵,熱氣也。鄭司農云:「皇舞,蒙羽舞。書或為,或為義。」玄謂皇,析五采羽為之,亦如帗。○暵,呼但反。,音皇。
137
[疏]「舞師」至「之事」○釋曰:云「掌教兵舞」,謂教野人使知之。國有祭山川,則舞師還帥領往舞山川之祀,已下皆然。案《春官·樂師》有六舞,並有旄舞施於闢雍,人舞施于宗廟。此無此二者,但卑者之子不得舞宗廟之酎,祭祀之舞亦不得用卑者之子。彼樂師教國子,故有二者,此教野人,故無旄舞、人舞。○注「羽析」至「如帗」○釋曰:但羽舞用白羽,帗舞用五色繒,用物雖異,皆有柄,其制相類,故云「形如帗」也。云「四方之祭祀謂四望也」,知者,若以四方連百物,則四方不止四望。今單云四方,四望。五岳、四瀆亦布在四方,故知四方即四望也。云「旱暵之事謂雩也」者,《春秋》所云雩者皆釋旱。又《祭法》云「雩禜,祭水旱」。故知旱暵謂雩祭也。云「暵,熱氣也」者,以其旱時多熱氣,又此暵字以日為形,以漢為聲省,故知暵熱氣也。鄭司農云「皇舞,蒙羽舞」者,先鄭之意,蓋見《禮記·王制》「有虞氏皇而祭」,皇是冕,為首服,故以此皇為鳳皇羽蒙于首,故云蒙羽舞。自古未見蒙羽于首,故後鄭不從之矣。云「書或為,或為義」者,禮本不同,故或為,或為義,皆不從之矣。「玄謂皇,析五采羽為之亦如帗」者,鍾氏染鳥羽,象翟鳥鳳皇之羽,皆五采,此舞者所執,亦以威儀為飾。言皇是鳳皇之字,明其羽亦五采,其制亦如帗舞。若然,帗舞、羽舞、皇舞,形制皆同也。

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