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Scope: 贞观政要
Condition : Contains text “𣈆”
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卷五

17
善善之意长恶恶之心短也太宗知屈突道愚按臯陶之称尧舜有曰罚弗及嗣赏延于世遽欲罪及举官此岂唐虞赏罚之道乎向非魏源之善而不能录其子弟闻𢎞节暧昧之过则宗君徳之累矣徴之言亦足为太贞观七年太宗将发诸道内二曰河南三曰河东四唐分天下为十道一曰闗九曰劒南十曰岭南皆因山川形便而并省之也曰河北五曰山南六曰陇右七曰淮南八曰江南黜陟使黜陟臧否故曰黜陟使去声后同将命而出掌畿内道即闗内道也唐建都之地未有其人太宗亲定问于房𤣥龄等曰此道事最重谁可充使右仆射李靖曰畿内事大非魏徵莫可太宗作色曰朕今欲向九成宫亦非小宁可遣魏徵出使朕每行不欲与其相离者适为其见朕是非得失去为声公等能正朕不可因辄有所言大非道理乃即令李靖充使臣为诸道黜陟使未得其人李靖荐魏徴令平声按通鉴贞观八年太宗欲分遣大䓁凡十三人分行天下察长吏贤不肖问民疾苦礼上曰徴箴规朕失不可一日离左右乃命靖与萧瑀者所至如朕亲睹与此小异高年振穷乏褒善起淹𣻉俾使本对曰亮才兼将相非徴所及斯言是已然尝愚按太宗尝问群臣魏徴与诸葛亮孰贤岑文不
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不为当时
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攻其所短救其所偏惟徴一论之太宗有馀扵才而不足扵德勇扵敢为而任然使武侯生于太宗之时不过为徴之所为人而已使徴生扵三国之时未必
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胜武侯之李靖之才兼资文武非徵所
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及也然贞观之耳故以唐之时势观之则二子政未易优劣也过增太宗之所有馀徵之谏争乃
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补太宗之时可以无靖不可以无徵何也盖靖之才
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不使靖而不使徴岂非自知之明哉所不足也是以畿内之使太宗宁
贞观九年萧瑀为尚书左仆射尝因宴集太宗谓房𤣥龄曰武徳六年已后太上皇有废立之心我当此日不为兄弟所容实有功髙不赏之惧萧瑀不可以厚利诱之不可以刑戮惧之真社稷臣也乃赐诗曰疾风知劲草板荡识诚臣瑀拜谢曰臣特䝉诫训许臣以忠谅虽死之日犹生之年中与第五章合为一旧本此章首曰贞观逆衆持法主恕之以公孤特守节主恕之以介昔闻章今按通鉴标年附入于此又按史传魏徵曰臣有不遇陛下庸自保邪其言乃今见之使瑀谓
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知臣矣且太子在而私扵藩王者明君之所范氏祖禹曰太宗以萧瑀无二心扵己而嘉之可惟瑀介然自立有陨无二太宗所以知其临大节甚恶也或诱以利或胁以死而从之者不亦多乎人岂不得忠正之士乎而不可夺也人君以此取可以为社稷臣矣然太宗此言盖亦有为瑀初以唐氏仲友曰若以𨼆巢之事不可以利怵死惧亦太宗赐诗欲群臣知委任之意也魏徴之言亦以切诋房杜废又以痛劾房杜罢至此复参知政事近世社稷臣之论则犹有愧云发明太宗之意若以瑀较杨子云瑀之一言瑀以躁狭之量刚劲之气罢黜者三愚按武徳季年髙祖立秦王为皇太子竟决扵瑀尝劾奏魏徵之过矣今观徴所言若未尝有而卒预大政太宗寔
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容之者岂非念夫此耶胸中徵之谓矣然可不谓尤贤乎隙者所谓以义相与不以少嫌置
贞观十一年太宗行至汉太尉杨震墓𢎞农人也好杨震字伯起白吏后徴为太常迁太尉为内戚䜛譛遣归震曰死学明经诸儒称为闗西夫子汉安帝时为刺史●清嬖女倾乱而不能禁何面目复见日月饮酖而卒者人之常分吾䝉恩居上司奸臣狡猾而不能诛伤其以忠非命亲为文以祭之房𤣥龄进曰杨震虽当年夭枉数百年后方遇圣明停舆驻跸亲降神作作一趾玊可谓虽死犹生没而不朽不觉助伯起幸頼欣跃于九泉之下矣伏读天文且感且慰凡百君子焉敢不朂励名节䖍切焉于知为善之有效可以见其惓惓扵忠贞之臣矣异世相望且企愚按太宗经异代名臣之墓亲为文以祭之是子列子庶位者乎敬如此况凡百君贞观十一年太宗谓侍臣曰狄人杀卫懿公赤名尽食其肉独留其肝懿公之臣弘演呼天大哭自出其肝而内懿公之肝于其腹中曰纳内读今覔此人恐不可得特进魏徴对曰昔豫让为智伯报雠让智伯之臣智为去声后同豫子之后为韩赵魏所灭伯名瑶号襄子晋智宣欲剌赵襄子简子之后名无恤晋赵襄子执而𫉬之谓之曰子昔事范中行氏乎晋有范氏春秋之世公室卑六卿强名㩀采地更相攻伐贞定王十一年中行氏与智氏韩氏魏氏赵氏为六卿春秋之末𣈆氏中行氏灭之而分其地智氏魏氏赵氏韩氏共伐范智伯尽灭之子乃委质智伯不为报雠今即为智伯报雠何也让荅曰臣昔事范中行范中行以衆人遇我我以衆人报之智伯以国士遇我我以国士报之赵世家事见史记在君礼之而已亦何谓无人焉

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