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與孟尚書書         韓 愈愈白行官自南廻過吉州得吾兄二十四日手書數番忻悚兼至未審入秋來眠食何似伏惟萬福來示云有人傳愈近少信奉釋氏此傳之者妄也潮州時有一老僧號大顛頗聰明識道理逺地無可與語者故自山召至州郭留十數日實能外形骸以理自勝不為事物侵亂與之語雖不盡解要自胸中無滯礙以為難得因與來往及祭神至海上遂造其廬及來袁州留衣服為別乃人之情非崇信其法求福田利益也孔子云丘之禱久矣凡君子行已立身自有法度聖賢事業具在方冊可效可師仰不愧天俯不愧人內不愧心積善積惡殃慶自各以其類至何有去聖人之道捨先王之法而從夷狄之教以求福利也詩不云乎愷悌君子求福不囬傳又曰不為威愓不為利疚假如釋氏能與人為禍祟非守道君子之所懼也況萬萬無此理且彼佛者果何人哉其行事類君子耶小人耶若君子也必不妄加禍於守道之人如小人也其身已死其鬼不靈天地神祇昭布森列非可誣也又肯令其鬼行胸臆作威福於其間哉進退無所據而信奉之亦且惑矣且愈不助釋氏而排之者其亦有說孟子云今天下不之楊則之墨楊墨交亂而聖賢之道不明則三綱淪而九法斁禮樂崩而夷狄橫幾何其不為禽獸也故曰能言距楊墨者皆聖人之徒也揚子雲云古者楊墨塞路孟子辭而闢之廓如也夫楊墨行正道廢且將數百年以至於秦卒滅先王之法燒除其經坑殺學士天下遂大亂及秦滅漢興且百年尚未知修明先王之道其後始除挾書之律稍求亡書招學士經雖少得尚皆殘缺十亡二三故學士多老死新者不見全經不能盡知先王之事各以所見為守分離乖隔不合不公二帝三王羣聖人之道於是大壞後之學者無所尋逐以至於今泯泯也其禍出於楊墨肆行而莫之禁故也孟子雖賢聖不得位空言無施雖切何補然賴其言而今學者尚知宗孔氏崇仁義貴王賤霸而已其大經大法皆亡滅而不救壞爛而不収所謂存十一於千百安在其能廓如也然向無孟氏則皆服左袵而言侏𠌯矣故愈嘗推尊孟氏以為功不在禹下者為此也漢氏以來羣儒區區修補百孔千瘡隨亂隨失其危如一髪引千鈞綿綿延延寖以微滅於是時也而唱釋老於其間鼓天下之衆而從之嗚呼其亦不仁甚矣釋老之害過於楊墨韓愈之賢不及孟子孟子不能救之於未亡之前而韓愈乃欲全之於已壞之後嗚呼其亦不量其力且見其身之危莫之救以死也雖然使其道由愈而粗傳雖滅死萬萬無恨天地鬼神臨之在上質之在傍又安得因一摧折自毀其道以從於邪也籍湜輩雖屢指教不知果能不叛去否辱吾兄眷厚而不獲承命惟増慚懼死罪死罪愈再拜絶大眼孔絶大抱負語皆驚心動魄出之原道佛骨表孟尚書書張中丞傳後序此四篇尤為韓集絶頂文字亦千古之至文也

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