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Scope: 皇朝經世文編
Condition : Contains text 「崲」
Total 1

卷一百六工政十二水利通論

11
陂亦堤也。而實不同。川兩築堤。制其旁溢。陂則環澤而堤之。此其所以異也。陂必有水門。以時蓄洩。考之傳記。壽春芍陂。楚相孫叔敖作。有五門。隋趙軌修之。更開三十六門。穰縣鉗盧陂。漢南陽太守召信臣作。有六石門。號為六門陂。山陰鏡湖。會稽太守馬臻作。築塘周回三百里。疏為二門。其北堤石闥二。陰溝十九。南堤陰溝十四。皆古法也。川水暴至。則開高門受水。使水得游蕩陂中以分殺其怒。川平則仍閉以蓄水。遇旱即開下門以溉田。利民之事。無大於此者。故易曰。說萬物者。莫說乎澤。賈讓言內黃界有澤方數十里。環之有堤。太守以賦民。民起廬舍其中。自戰國開阡陌盡地方。即有廢澤以為田者。其後翟方進攘汝南鴻隙陂。而郡人怨之。謝靈運求會稽回種岯二湖以為田。而太守不許。陂之不可廢也如此。近世逐利而忘害。古時瀦水之地無尺寸不耕。而昧其昔之為陂澤矣。就禹貢所載言之。滎播波為平地。非人之罪。餘若大陸雷夏大野震澤菏澤皆失其舊。大抵由圍田所致。而他澤從可知已。夫子之論政也。曰無見小利。見小利則大事不成。今廢澤以為田。而百川決溢。人無寧居。歲數不登。皆謀國者見小利之害也。

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