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卷十一

11
共工氏羲氏之代侯者也世纪云女娲末有诸侯共工氏任智刑以强霸而不王非也于时已有侯国是曰康回屈原云康回凭怒地东南倾王逸曰康回共工氏之名盖康其国姓回其名尔髦身朱发归藏啓筮云共工人面虵身朱髪㿮狠明徳任智自神太昊氏没俶乱天常窃保冀方按淮南子览㝠言伏羲之道但言往古之时四极废九州裂天不兼覆地不周载云云于是女娲鍊五色石以补苍天㫁鳌足以立四极杀黒龙以济冀州积芦灰以止淫水苍天补四极正淫水涸冀州平唐表言共工氏有地在𢎞农之间是矣然以为炎帝后则非也据古列子尹子皆先叙共工而及女娲至淮南本经乃以为舜时共工振滔洪水薄空桑谬矣考共工有三详发挥补天辨抢攘为杰于是左概介丘右矕终隆振滔洪水以薄空桑空桑莘陜之间于女娲之都为近故共工决水灌之欲以止之犹后世智伯梁武所为者智伯曰吾乃今知水可以亡人之国不知共工氏之所为也寇剧于诸侯虐弱以逞爰以浮游为卿琐语云晋平公梦朱熊窥其屏恶之而疾问于子産对曰昔共工之卿曰浮游败于颛顼自沈于淮其色赤其言善笑其行善顾其状如熊为天王祟见之堂上则正天下者死见之堂下则邦人骇见之门则近臣忧见之庭则无伤今窥君之屏病而无伤其祭颛顼共工乎从其言而病间自谓水徳故为水纪官师制度皆以水名盖乗时䧿起而失其纪是以后世不得议其世也荀悦汉纪引刘子政父子之言谓五行之运以子承母伏羲氏木徳共工氏承之以水居于木火之间伯而不王公孙𢎞贾谊儿寛马迁皆以秦在水徳汉据火以克之非也方其君国也専以财利贸兴有亡其取之也水处十七而陆处十三乗天势以隘制天下而用不匮见管子泽课倍差于陆産迨其跋戸更复虐取任刑以逞人不堪命于是立兵仗聚亡义以奸天宪韩子云共工之战铁銛矩者及乎敌铠不坚者伤乎体兵仗铠㦸已大备矣専任浮游自圣其智以为亡可臣者故官圹而国日乱民亡所附贤亡所从见汲冢书及六韬尚虞湛乐淫失其身犹欲凭怒傃其悍塞㙲防百川隳高闉卑率方舆而潮陷之天地成而聚于高归物于下子晋曰古之长民者不隳山不崇薮不防川不窦泽共工氏弃此道也云云见周语行违皇乾诸福弗畀疾荐作而灾屡臻女娲氏戮之共工氏以亡共工氏无霸名有辨见发挥祭法曰共工氏之霸九州也陆农师云皇而霸者也谓之霸入于器故也所谓共工氏者如此若伏羲氏袭气毋则全粹矣凡四十有五载落有子不才终死为厉礼传嵗时记等共工氏有不才子以冬至日死为厉畏赤豆故作赤豆粥以禳之纪为君传为臣路史之书岂故为是㵒滕哉纪皇王所以尊天子也传僭伪所以惩霸据也尊天子所以壹天下之统惩霸据所以著叛窃之罪统既壹罪既著则乱常犯上盗国贼民者不能一日遁形于地上矣齐桓晋文衆所共徳也孔子作春秋盖甚贬之勤王而请隧则并没其功争入而无亲书齐小白曽何间于州吁与无知乎狄泉盟王人河阳朝襄王㑹宰周公王世子岂徒载之空言哉亦窃取其义以为人道之大经而已矣百嵗之后有孟轲氏者盖知其统矣故曰孔子作春秋而乱臣贼子惧又曰仲尼之徒无道桓文之事予之路史宜有合于此者不可以弗察也元经何为哉彼将以进退南北也而自拂其统也乃自比于春秋曰春秋元经于王道是轻重之权衡夫春秋所书彼善于此则有之矣而正统常在周也帝魏于太和之元则不知所以为始絶宋于元徽之五则不得所以为终是则宋魏之间正未尝分也正未尝分则统未尝壹也乃自比于春秋邪吴楚僭王春秋屡抑以夷狄而有中国虽有大功必如桓文之予而实不予可也何至抗而帝之邪是故未觌先王之大道也未觌先王之大道而独猥经百世区区于麟止独何欤嗟乎法春秋而不知春秋岂惟王通哉使后世于正统之论而不得其正者皆通之咎也

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