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欽定四庫全書    經部八
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論語集說       四書類
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提要
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等謹案論語集說十卷宋蔡節編節永嘉人始末未詳惟書首淳祐五年進表結銜稱朝散郎大府卿兼樞宻右承旨末有淳祐丙午文學椽姜文龍跋即進書之次年也其例於全用一家者則獨書姓名於參用一兩家者則各註本語之下雜用衆說者則疊書姓名于末潤色以己意者則曰本某氏皆謂之曰集或附已說於後則别曰節謂節自為說者謂之曰釋其互相發明之說則夾註其下其推闡旁意之說則低一字書之是時朱子之說已行故大㫖率従集註其間偶有異同者如賢賢易色謂賢人之賢為之改容更貌攻乎異端謂攻為攻擊害為反貽吾道之害案此鄭汝諧之說其說者之於天下也謂知魯之僭禘則名正名正而天下不難治無所取材謂無所取桴材案此鄭元之說不有祝鮀之佞三句謂美色尚不足以免禍惟口才乃可免不圖為樂之至於斯也謂韶本揖讓之樂今乃至于齊國案此亦鄭汝諧之說五十以學易謂夫子是時年未五十故云加年互鄉童子一章不作錯簡不志於榖謂三年不能至于善則所學已難乎有得没階趨進謂進當作退雖疏食菜羮𤓰祭謂𤓰為如字以祭字屬下句三嗅而作謂嗅當作嘆案此徐積之說冉有退朝謂朝為従季氏至魯君之朝不恒其徳一節謂別為一章曰今之成人何必然謂為子路之言有馬者借人乘之謂即史之闕文齊景公有馬干駟章連上為一章案此鄭汝諧錢時二家之說太師摯適齊一章謂魯君荒于女樂故樂官散去其中惟太師摯一章可備一說餘皆牽强穿鑿葢朱子于註易註詩誠不免有所遺議至于論語集註則平生精力具在于斯其說較他家為確務與立異反至于不中理也然出入者不過此數條其餘則皆詮釋簡明詞約理該終非胡炳文等所可及焉乾隆四十二年四月恭校上
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總纂官紀昀陸錫熊孫士毅縂 校 管 陸費墀錫熊孫士毅
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總 校 官  陸 費 墀
URN: ctp:ws679708

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