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钦定四库全书    经部八
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论语集说       四书类
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提要
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等谨案论语集说十卷宋蔡节编节永嘉人始末未详惟书首淳佑五年进表结衔称朝散郎大府卿兼枢宻右承旨末有淳佑丙午文学椽姜文龙跋即进书之次年也其例于全用一家者则独书姓名于参用一两家者则各注本语之下杂用衆说者则叠书姓名于末润色以己意者则曰本某氏皆谓之曰集或附已说于后则别曰节谓节自为说者谓之曰释其互相发明之说则夹注其下其推阐旁意之说则低一字书之是时朱子之说已行故大㫖率従集注其间偶有异同者如贤贤易色谓贤人之贤为之改容更貌攻乎异端谓攻为攻击害为反贻吾道之害案此郑汝谐之说其说者之于天下也谓知鲁之僭禘则名正名正而天下不难治无所取材谓无所取桴材案此郑元之说不有祝鮀之佞三句谓美色尚不足以免祸惟口才乃可免不图为乐之至于斯也谓韶本揖让之乐今乃至于齐国案此亦郑汝谐之说五十以学易谓夫子是时年未五十故云加年互乡童子一章不作错简不志于榖谓三年不能至于善则所学已难乎有得没阶趋进谓进当作退虽疏食菜羮𤓰祭谓𤓰为如字以祭字属下句三嗅而作谓嗅当作叹案此徐积之说冉有退朝谓朝为従季氏至鲁君之朝不恒其徳一节谓别为一章曰今之成人何必然谓为子路之言有马者借人乘之谓即史之阙文齐景公有马干驷章连上为一章案此郑汝谐钱时二家之说太师挚适齐一章谓鲁君荒于女乐故乐官散去其中惟太师挚一章可备一说馀皆牵强穿凿葢朱子于注易注诗诚不免有所遗议至于论语集注则平生精力具在于斯其说较他家为确务与立异反至于不中理也然出入者不过此数条其馀则皆诠释简明词约理该终非胡炳文等所可及焉乾隆四十二年四月恭校上
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总纂官纪昀陆锡熊孙士毅縂 校 管 陆费墀锡熊孙士毅
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总 校 官  陆 费 墀
URN: ctp:ws679708

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