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通雅自序
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函雅故通古今此鼓篋之必有事也不安其藝不能樂業不通古今何以協藝相傳詎曰訓詁小學可弁髦乎理其理事其事時其時開而辯名當物未有離乎聲音文字而可舉以正告者也爾雅之始於釋詁而綂當名物也十三經從之博而約哉自篆而楷也聲而韵也義而釋也三蒼五雅註疏字說金石古文日以犂然匿庸嗜竒一襲一臆兩皆不免沿加辯駁愈成紕繆學者紛拏何所適從今以經史為槩遍覽所及輙為要刪古今聚訟為徵攷而决之期於通逹免徇拘鄙之誤又免為竒僻所惑不揣愚瑣名曰通雅雖挂一漏萬然從今以往各出所核歲月甚長備物致用採獲省力諒亦汲古者所樂遊之苑囿也辛巳夏日皖桐方以智密之題於上江小館
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學惟古訓博乃能約當其博即有約者通之博學不能觀古今之通又不能疑焉貴書簏乎古有博於文畫者博於象數者典制者箋註者詞章者名物者隠怪者經史既別各有專家小學原流忽為細故上下古今數千年文字屢變音亦屢變學者相沿不考所稱音義傳訛而已上古𦕈矣漢承秦焚儒以臆决至鄭許輩起似為犂然後世因以為典故聞道者自立門庭糟粕文字不復及此其能曼詞者又以其一得管見洸洋自恣逃之虛空何便於此考究根極之士乃錯錯然元本不已苦乎摭寔之病固自不一屬書贍給但取漁獵訓故專己多半傅㑹其以博自詡者造異志怪學子橫子年且不逮豈許差肩曼倩茂先間乎反不若君道至能草木狀虞衡志為足佐景純元恪有禆多識矣宋之編考夾漈頗有所見馬章次之伯厚次之金石則比輯於歐趙呂王而原父子固彥逺長睿辯考為力朱子每慕六一而於存中泰之襍說亦無不畱心也洪武初劉宋之根極瓊山荊川之編彚潛谷本清之圖纂皆冒大略少有是正子元仁寳瑣瑣記之陸文裕于文定時有一端京山若有所窺矣支與流裔未委悉也李大泌阮霧靈可謂強記李屬方子謙補韵㑹其疎略猶之直翁無大發明也新都最博而茍取僻異實未㑹通張東莞學新都竊取尤多嶺南之九成子行也澹園有功於新都而晦伯元美元瑞駁之不遺餘力以今論之當駁者多不能駁駁又不盡當然因前人備列以貽後人因以起疑因以旁徴其功豈可没哉今日之合而辯正也固諸公之所望也壬午夏以智又記
URN: ctp:ws724197

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