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钦定四库全书     子部十
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风俗通义       杂家类三杂说之属提要
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等谨案风俗通义十卷附録一卷汉应劭撰劭字仲逺汝南人尝举孝亷中平六年为㤗山太守事迹具后汉书本传马总意林称为三国时人不知何据也考隋书经籍志风俗通义三十一卷注云録一卷应劭撰梁三十卷唐书艺文志应劭风俗通义三十卷崇文总目读书志书録解题皆作十卷与今本同明吴管刻古今逸史又删其半则更缺畧矣各卷皆有总题题各有散目总题后畧陈大意而散目先详其事以谨按云云辨证得失皇霸为目五正失为目十一愆礼为目九过誉为目八十反为目十音声为目二十有八穷通为目十二祀典为目十七怪神为目十五山泽为目十九其自序云谓之风俗通义言通于流俗之过谬而事该之于义理也后汉书本传称撰风俗通以辨物类名号讥时俗嫌疑不知何以删去义字或流俗省文如白虎通义之称白虎通史家因之欤其书因事立论文词清辩可资博洽大致如王充论衡而叙述简明则胜充书之冗漫多矣旧本屡经传刻失于校讐颇有讹误如十反类中分范茂伯郅朗伯为二事而佚其断语穷通类中孙卿一事有书而无録怪神类中城阳景王词一条有録而无书今并厘正又宋陈彭年等修广韵王应麟作姓氏急就篇多引风俗通姓氏篇是此篇至宋末犹存今本无之不知何时散佚然考元大徳丁未无锡儒学刋本前有李果序后有宋嘉定十三年丁黼䟦䟦称余在馀杭借本于㑹稽陈正卿正卿葢得于中书徐渊子讹舛已甚殆不可读爱其近古钞録藏之携至中都得馆中本及孔复君寺丞本互加叅考始可句读今刻之于䕫府好古者㦯得旧本从而增改是所望云则宋宁宗时之本已同今本不知王氏何以得见是篇或即从广韵注中辗转援引欤永乐大典通字韵中尚载有风俗通姓氏一篇首题马总意林字所载与广韵注多同而不及广韵注之详葢马总节本也然今本意林无此文当又属佚脱今采附风俗通之末存梗槩焉乾隆四十六年二月恭校上
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总纂官纪昀陆钖熊孙士毅   总 校 官  陆 费墀风俗通义原序
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昔仲尼没而微言阙七十子丧而大义乖重遭战国约从连横好恶殊心真伪纷争故春秋分为五诗分为四易有数家之传并以诸子百家之言纷然淆乱莫知所从汉兴儒者竞一本作竟复比谊㑹意为之章句家有五六皆析文便辞弥以驰逺缀文之士杂袭龙鳞训注说难转相陵髙积如丘山可谓繁富者矣而至于俗间行语衆所共传积非习贯莫能原察今王室大壊九州幅裂乱靡有定生民无㡬私惧后进益以迷昧聊以不才举尔所知方以类聚凡一十卷谓之风俗通义言通于流俗之过谬而事该之于义理也风者天气有寒暖地形有险易水泉有美恶草木有刚柔也俗者含血之类像之而生故言语歌讴异声鼓舞动作殊形或直或邪或善或滛也圣人作而均齐之咸归于正圣人废则还其本俗尚书天子廵守至于岱宗觐诸侯见百年命大师陈诗以观民风俗孝经曰移风易俗莫善于乐传曰百里不同风千里不同俗戸异政人殊服由此言之为政之要辨风正俗最其上也周秦常以嵗八月遣輶轩之使求异代方言还奏籍之藏于秘室及嬴氏之亡遗脱漏弃无见之者蜀人严君平有千馀言林闾翁孺才有梗概之法扬雄好之天下孝㢘卫卒交㑹阙下质问以次注续二十七年尔乃治正凡九千字其所发明犹未若尔雅之闳丽也张竦以为悬诸日月不刋之书予实顽暗无能述演岂敢比隆于斯人哉顾惟述作之功故聊光啓之耳昔客为齐王画者王问画孰最难孰最易曰犬马最难鬼魅最易犬马旦暮在人之前不类不可类之故难鬼魅无形无形者不见不见故易今俗语虽云浮浅然贤愚所共咨论有似犬马其为难矣并综事实宜于今者孔子称丘也幸茍有过人必知之俾诸明哲幸详览焉
URN: ctp:ws72427

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