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-> -> 卷二考证

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尚书注疏卷二考证舜典序疏敬康生句芒句芒生蟜牛○臣召南按此文据帝系与大禹谟疏所引正同句芒史记作句望蟜牛史记作桥牛汉书亦作蟜牛师古曰蟜音矫温恭允塞传疏毛传训塞为实○实监本讹贵今改正纳于大麓传麓录也纳舜使大录万几之政○臣召南按以录训麓义终未安史记曰尧使舜入山林川泽可谓确当且录尚书之名起于成帝时王凤至东京每帝初立辄置太傅一人录尚书事魏晋以来遂称录公沈约宋志引王肃注纳于大麓曰尧纳舜于尊显之官大录万几之政也先儒每谓王肃尝见孔传此亦一证但舜已宅百揆即是大录万几之政何必复见此文乎林之奇辨传误是也
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在璇玑玉衡以齐七政传王者正天文之器○王者监本讹玉者今改正
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又传七政日月五星各异政○李光地曰七政之行不齐而一政之行又自不齐故日则有赢缩月五星则有迟疾而五星且有留退虞周歩推之法不可闻已后代考测至今日而始明其说曰七政皆终古平行也因有高卑逺近而生迟疾皆视行也天以圆而运七政逐天亦以圆而运如丸珠之随盘皆自作廻环之势非迳行也故因行而生轮因轮而生高下逺近仰而视之赢缩迟疾以至留退皆由于此矣然日者从天其轮一而已月五星从天又从日故有随天之轮又有逐日之轮两者相加然后高下之视迳迟疾之视差一一可以筹䇿运算而坐致之盖虽古所未讲而其理不诬也臣召南按孔传觧政字即天官家日德月刑木仁火礼金义水智土信之说故下文云以审已当天心与否也但经文正与尧典歴象日月星辰意同传说非是
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又疏天包地外犹卵之褁黄○晋志本文卵作殻又疏晋世姜笈张衡葛洪皆论浑天之义○臣召南按张衡二字衍文也玉海引此疏直云姜笈葛洪甚是
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又疏太史丞钱乐铸铜作浑天仪○陈师凯曰钱乐本名乐之孔疏脱之字耳
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肆类于上帝音义王云上帝天也马云上帝太一神在紫微宫天之最尊者○监本误以此二十四字为孔传今改正
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至于岱宗柴○朱子曰注家以至于岱宗柴为句某谓当以柴望秩于山川为句如柴望大告武成汉郊祀志亦云柴望秩于山川臣召南按传云燔柴祭天告至则是至于岱宗望秩于山川于义自通羣后四朝传各会朝于方岳之下凡四处故曰四朝○臣召南按如孔传是天子有巡狩诸侯无述职也史记注引郑康成曰巡狩之年诸侯见于方岳之下其间四年四方诸侯分来朝于京师也其说逺胜孔传乃释文引郑云四朝四季朝京师也说又微异然亦胜孔传矣
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疏以一黍之广度之千二百黍为一分○臣照按汉志本文云一黍之广度之九十分黄锺之长为一分不云千二百黍也宋皇佑中房庶言得古本汉志云一黍之起积一千二百黍之广度之九十分今丈脱起积一千二百黍之八字当时范镇力主其说而司马光极辟之此疏引汉志云云然则唐初本固有不同但以千二百黍为一分则分固不得若是广如读去声谓是黄锺之一分则语固欠明又不得接下十分为寸句当必有讹脱字也
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又疏十龠为合○臣召南按汉志本文作合龠为合宋祁曰合龠当为十龠据此疏则孔氏所见汉志作十龠矣蔡传即据此疏亦作十龠
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帝曰俞汝往哉○顾炎武曰古尧典舜典合为一篇故格于文祖之后四岳之咨必称舜曰者以别于上文之帝也至其命禹始称帝曰问荅之辞已明则无嫌
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益拜稽首疏益是臯陶之子臯陶即庭坚也益在八凯之内○臣召南按臯陶即庭坚左传可据若益则史记彼此不符但益既与臯陶并列为八凯其非父子显然孔疏据史记谓是臯陶之子误矣诗言志歌永言声依永律和声○李光地曰虞书命夔先言诗后言声律敎胄子之事辨志为先也周礼太师先言声律后言六诗敎瞽蒙之事审音为重也夔曰于予击石拊石百兽率舞○刘敞曰益稷之末又有夔曰于云云然则舜典之末衍一简耳帝曰咨汝二十有二人传禹垂益伯夷夔龙六人新命有职四岳十二牧凡二十二人○臣召南按孔传之夫在解四岳为四人故于九官中强分禹垂六人为新命夫稷契臯陶大圣大贤不在二十二人之数可乎且十二牧中岂必尽出新命四岳则歴官为最久矣又何以得并数之
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尚书注疏卷二考证
URN: ctp:ws73415

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