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钦定四库全书
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传家集巻一      宋 司马光 撰古赋
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交趾献竒兽赋嘉佑三年八月二十七日上皇帝御天下三十有六载化洽于人德通于神迩无不恊逺无不臻粤有交趾来献麒麟其为状也熊颈而鸟噣豨首而牛身犀则无角象而有鳞其力甚武其心则驯盖遐方异气之産故图谍靡得而询于是降轺车之使发旁县之民除涂于林岭之隘引舟于江淮之濵旷时月而渉万里然后得入觐于中宸与夫雕题卉服之士南金象齿之珍款紫闼而坌入充彤庭而并陈于是羣公卿士百僚庶尹俨然垂绅荐笏旅进而称曰陛下功冠䆳古化侔仪极恭承神祇严奉宗稷纯孝烝烝小心翼翼出入起居不忘于训典进退周旋必咨于轨则体文王之卑服遵大禹之菲食宫室观台无砻刻之华舆马器用无珠玉之饰游必备于法驾燕不废于朝夕此皆帝王所不能为而陛下行之尚不忘于怵惕是以方内乂宁黎民滋殖垂髫之童耳皆习于诗礼戴白之叟目不睹夫金革至于根著浮流䟦行喙息无不翔舞太和涵濡茂泽此殊俗所以响臻灵兽所以来格虽汉室之初黒鷴贡于絶徼周家之隆白雉通于重译殆不足方也臣等谓冝命恊律播之声歌诏太史编之简策以发挥不世之鸿休张大无伦之丕绩不亦伟乎皇帝乃穆然深思愀然不怡曰吾闻古圣人之治天下也正心以为本修身以为基闺门睦而四海率服朝衆和而羣生悦随故务其近不务其逺急其大不急其㣲今邦虽康未能复汉唐之宇俗虽阜未能追尧舜之时况物尚疵疠而民犹怨咨朕何敢以未治而忘乱未安而忘危享四方之献当三灵之厘且是兽也生岭峤之外出沮泽之湄得其来吾德不为之大纵其去吾德不为之亏柰何贪其琛賮之美悦其鳞介之竒容其欺绐之语听其谄谀之辞以惑逺近之望以为蛮夷之嗤不若以迎兽之劳为迎士之用养兽之费为养贤之资使功烈烜赫声明葳蕤废耳目一日之玩为子孙万世之规岂不美欤于是羣臣拜手稽首咸曰此盛德之事臣等愚戆所不及陛下诚有意于此臣等敢不同心竭力对扬而行之皇帝于是御棫朴之篇观大畜之繇延黄髪之儒显岩穴之秀善有可旌无间于幽逺言有可采不弃于㣲陋位匪德而不升官无能而不授使稷契居左臯䕫立右伊吕在前周召侍后相与讲经艺之渊源览皇王之步骤求大化之所未孚访惠泽之所未究兴民之利若●夫饥渴除民之害若忧夫疾疚赐予简而功无所遗刑罚清而奸无所漏浮费省而物不屈于求须苛役蠲而农不妨于耘耨使之夏有葛而冬有裘居有仓而行有糗丝纩之饶足以养其老甘脆之馀足以慈其幼地不加广而百姓足赋不加多而县官富道涂之人耻争而喜让闾阎之俗弃漓而归厚户知礼义之方人享期頥之夀然后旃裘之长顿颡而讋服祝发之渠回面而奔走靡不投利兵而袭冠带焚僭服而请印绶于是三光澄清万灵敷佑风雨时若百稼丰茂休气充塞殊祥辐辏甘露霡霂于林薄醴泉觱沸于嵌窦华茎罗植于堦戺朱草丛生于庭溜鳯凰长离骈枝而结巢黄龙驺虞羣友而为畜由是观之则彼裔夷之凡禽瘴海之怪兽皮不足以备车甲肉不足以登爼豆夫又何足以耗水衡之刍而汚百里之囿者哉
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稷下赋
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齐王乐五帝之遐风嘉三王之茂烈致千里之竒士总百家之伟说于是筑钜馆临康衢盛处士之逰壮学者之居美矣哉髙门横闶夏屋长檐罇罍明洁几杖清严尔乃杂佩华缨净冠素履端居危坐规行矩止相与奋髯横议投袂髙谈下论孔墨上述羲炎树同㧞异辨是分非荣誉樵株为之蓊蔚訾毁珵美化为瑕玼譬若兰芷蒿莎布濩于云梦之洳鸿鹄●鶬鼔舞于渤澥之涯于是齐王沛然来游欣然自喜谓稷下之富尽海内之美慨乎有自得之志矣祭酒荀卿进而称曰吾王辟仁义之涂殖诗书之林安人之虑广致治之意深然而诸侯未服四邻交侵士有行役之怨民有愁痛之音意者臣等道术之浅薄未足以称王之用心故也王曰先生之责寡人深矣愿卒闻之对曰臣闻之珷玞乱玉鱼目间珠泥沙涨者其泉慁莨莠茂者其糓芜网者弃纲而失叙行者多歧而䘮涂今是非一槩邪正同区异端角进大道羇孤何以齐踪于夏商继轸于唐虞诚能拨去浮末敦明本初修先王之典礼践大圣之规模德被品物威加海隅忠正修列䜛邪放踈行其言不必饱其腹用其道不必暖其肤使臣饭粱啮肥而餐骄君之禄不若荷锄秉耒而为尧舜之徒惜夫美食华衣髙堂闲室凤藻鸱义豹文麋质诵无用之言费难得之日民未治不与其忧国将危不知其失臣窃以大王为徒慕养贤之名而未覩用贤之实也已
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灵物赋元丰元年六月二十七日作
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有物于此制之则留纵之则去巻之则小舒之则钜守之有主用之有度习之有常养之有素誉之不喜毁之不怒诱之不迁胁之不惧吾不知其何物聊志之于兹赋
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传家集巻一
URN: ctp:ws74779

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