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居济一得原序
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古人之治河也治其泛滥横溢足为民害者引之于沮洳洼下之处徐徐焉趋入于海而治河之事已毕盖其时闲旷之地甚多委而弃之不与水争故得施其䟽浚之功絶无所頋惜而水亦顺性以往无奔腾冲决之患今也不然梁豫青兖淮徐之境郡县村落星列碁布生齿日繁桑麻遍野凡昔人所弃以与水者尽为沃壤民所必争水既无容蓄而又为转漕必由之要路不得已而大为之堤防跬歩之间纡逥屈曲使俯就吾之约束幸而数千里间不至有尺寸之渗漏矣又恐其不足以转漕而济运是必民不病水水为漕用而后可以言治夫以今人之才力逺不逮古人乃其遭际之艰难似有倍于古人者奈之何不智勇坐困用力多而成功少也哉虽然沧桑变易自古有之彼苍爱民之心决不忍使数十郡县无辜之赤子频遭昬垫则所恃以利赖而安全之者要在人事之补偏救弊相时度势毋拘成格毋循覆辙善为之节宣而已矣岂宜诿之气数之适然曰古今人不相及耶余自庚辰歳奉
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命効力河工日夕奔驰于淮扬徐泗数百里之间考古人之制度验今日之形情源流分合髙下险夷亦既悉其大概矣閲四载而膺山东治河之
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命甫视事适遇雨潦堤堘在在澷溢民田处处淹没夙夜殷忧求所以无负厥职者越歳又值亢旱运河水涸致厪
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宸衷命广善库郎中徳成格驰赴封闸催漕并𫝊谕宜设法蓄水量塘放船余与徳公恪遵
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训㫖体究详尽漕运果得无阻早达神京此皆
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圣谟逺照足为千古之良法者余不揣固陋●流穷源力求有益于民生
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国计数年以来越阡度陌相度经营兼询之故老考之𫝊记凡蓄泄启闭之方宜沿宜革或创或因偶有所得輙笔之于书以备他日㕘考积乆成帙分为若干卷敢曰遵是说也将以补偏救弊独任其难而不愧于古人节宣之义乎亦聊以自尽其一得之愚云尔善乎印川潘公有言曰时势可行则行之不可行则缓之慎毋使我误后人后人更误后人此即余之素志也抑有说焉事不乆任权不归一则功败于垂成如同筑舍前明宋尚书之已事可鉴已夫以数十郡县生灵之命而皆仰藉一人之谋画事宁有重大于此者惟在慎择其人假以便宜之柄使得乆于其位而不为浮言衆议所揺夺凡利多而害少者毅然独断行之无稍顾忌建非常之原以贻千百世生民之福功孰伟焉若徒汲汲于补苴罅漏防护壅塞歳縻
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国家无穷之帑徼幸于旦夕之无事谓可藉手告无罪于古人适足贻笑后人而已矣是乌足与言治河之术哉
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康熙戊子三月朔仪封张伯行书于榕城之正谊堂
URN: ctp:ws75497

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