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-> -> -> Search for "嶍"
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Scope: 西南紀事
Condition : Contains text 「嶍」
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西南紀事卷八

10
楊畏知,字介甫,陝西寶雞人。崇禎中,舉鄉試第一,以保舉特用,歷官云南副使,分巡金滄道,駐大理。大清順治二年乙酉秋,武定土司吾必奎作亂,連陷祿豐、廣通,進攻楚雄府,破之。畏知監軍,複楚雄,因留彈壓,移鎮焉。沙定洲之亂,黔國公沐天波走楚雄,定洲追之,畏知謂天波曰:郡城新破,創夷未複,賊以方張之銳來攻,必陷,同死無益。公不如走永昌,據重江之險,比賊越楚而西,踟躇大理、蒙化間,動需數月,我守御既備,傳檄四出;賊欲越永,恐我斷其歸路;欲返攻,則公隨之;首尾橫擊,可滅也。天波遂走永昌。定洲至楚雄,畏知踞城頭語之曰:君定永昌回;度朝命可下,當以鎮道禮相見。今逆順未分,難為不義屈,且君不憂迤西諸司受黔國檄而合從見討乎?定洲恐失天波與盟而去,分兵攻大理、蒙化,屠之。畏知乘間修築隍陴,撤郭外居民入保,檄調漢土官姚景等。定州聞之,不敢至永昌,還趨楚堆,用巨炮擊城樓正罩,畏知意必死,須臾煙散,顧畏知端坐,惟進賢冠失左翅,驚嘆以為有神。畏知伺賊懈,出奇兵,輒有斬獲。至夏,引去。先是,會城變起,巡撫吳兆元陷賊中,諸土司以故未敢動。及畏知倡義,於是寧州祿永命,石屏龍在田、峨王克猷等,皆聚眾守險遙應,定洲恐阿迷有失,東還,攻石屏,走在田,破寧州,殺永命。至峨,克猷走死;迤東既定,乃復還攻楚雄,分兵七十二營,各為大營統之,環城浚濠,為持久計。畏知堅守踰年,不能拔。事聞福州,晉左副都御史、總督雲南軍務。丁亥春,孫可望至雲南,定洲還戰,楚雄之圍始解。可望巳破定洲,據會城,使人通好於畏知,自以兵隨之。畏知至祿豐,拒戰不勝,赴水,淺不死,踞而罵。可望下馬,拱手曰:聞公名久矣,我來為雲南討賊,當相與扶明室,非有他也。畏知瞪目視曰:賊紿我耳。可望指天折矢,畏知曰:必爾,從我三事。一不得仍用偽西年號,二不得殺吾民,三不得掠婦女、焚廬舍;並許諾。刀同回楚雄,使迎天波,永昌迤西八府得免屠戮,為畏知也。可望既假討定洲名,略定滇地,羈縻黔國,威震諸蠻,粵西被兵,號令阻絕,臨安任僎乃倡議,尊可望為國主,用干支紀年,鑄興朝通寶錢。畏知憤甚,念巳同之,死無益,獨日稱道忠義鼓動,有忤意輒舉掌謾罵。其黨怒,欲殺之。李定國、劉文秀尤愛之。可望遣畏知永昌龔彞奉表肇慶,請王封,過貴州,為皮熊所阻,久乃得達。兵科金堡言:本朝異姓,止贈王,三百年定制,不宜更自今日。畏知曰:不與無益,彼固巳自王也。一旦降號公侯,而能欣然受命者,此純臣之節也。若因其向義,破格用恩,尚幸收用萬一;且法有因革,今土宇非故,動援舊章,能堅持有終耶?議數月,不決;臨發賜一字親王章,而無封號。畏知西過梧,遇堵胤錫曰:可望業王,雲南今無國名,賜空印激猛虎使噬人,奈何!胤錫為補牘入,始封定遼王。加畏知尚書,彞侍郎而行;陳邦傅中軍胡執恭,守泗城州。先使人報可望,許封秦王,馳疏謂機不容誤,臣巳便宜鑄印,填空敕齎行矣。執恭至滇,可望郊迎甚恭,所部額手交賀,比畏知還,知其詐,深恥之,屏去定遼篆,待執恭有加。庚寅春,桂王走梧州,可望使至,復議封號。內閣嚴起恆持不可,兵侍郎楊鼎和以為不臣。其人則不受其貢,并卻所進白金、玉帶物。可望滋怨。秋九月,可望引兵逐皮熊,並據滇黔。冬,桂林、廣州俱破。桂王奔南寧,更使劉菃封可望為冀王。畏知謂可望,秦、冀等耳。顧假何如真。可望終不受。李定國等咸勸可望,趣畏知行,以卒成之。畏知念主憂臣辱,複奉可望使,詣南寧;賀九儀以兵先入,殺起恆、鼎和,舉朝震懼。始真封可望為秦王。畏知後至,痛哭自劾,遂留作相。可望聞之,怒,使人挾與還黔。畏知見可望,大罵曰:賊終不可與為善。我為所賣,負不義名於天下。除頭上幘,擊其面。可望命牽去,斬之。畏知為人忠勇激發,在軍中陳說順逆,輒傾一坐,雖可望亦諒其無他。是日,觸怒,意必有救。往時,戮人距營門十里。畏知行數步,則坐不去。曰:此即吾死所,遂見害。可望深悔之。杖其左右之不言,並行刑者。畏知死,桂王幽安龍。李定國、劉文秀及可望部將白文選等合謀迎駕入雲南,可望眾散,來奔大清。雲南相守二年,始亡。人以為猶畏知所啟云。定國奏贈畏知少保,謚文烈。其勛惠尤多在楚雄,土人歲時致祀。論曰:滇黔之事,以沐天波、楊畏知為終始。畏知才優於天波,而性剛,少容,卒先蹈難。然李定國、劉文秀等劇賊,百戰感其大義,毅然歸忠;豈非君子豹變,道取於革巳日,乃孚革而悔亡也乎。明世士大夫拘牽文法,罔識時務;秦封之爭,與南遷之議,何殊焉;勢不在巳,而動援舊章,難矣哉!

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