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《試題出處 》[View] [Edit] [History]

1 上以淹雅稱最難。本朝尚考據,莫不自謂駕前代而上之。而康熙以來,稱博學者數十百家,莫不自謂諸子百家無所不窺。而自予以觀之,真能如孔子所謂多學而識者實鮮。蓋在匡居著書,可遍搜秘典僻籍,以逞其奧博。若使在場中,絕其懷挾,則能免錯舛者少,雖題目出處,在人所常讀《史記》、《漢書》中亦有不知者。如康熙己未考鴻博,其中出韻失粘與誤用典故之弊甚多。至乾隆三年考鴻博,題為《五六天地之中合賦》出《漢書?律歷志》,非僻句也。而場中惟劉文定一人知之,餘二百餘人皆不知,亦可愧矣。
2 近時潘伯寅祖蔭、楊賓石泗孫,皆以博覽群書自命,卓卓於一時者,然咸豐年間,考南書房五人,潘、楊在內,其三人則予忘之。題為《擬鮑明遠數詩》,五人均不知出處。相約各作七律四首,是直以明遠為唐、宋時人,而不知為六朝人矣。不然,六朝無七律,尚不知之乎?是真可笑之極矣。文宗閱之不悅,謂五人者徒盜虛名,命再考一次,出人人所知題,然後無笑柄。
3 又,某年考御史,題為《「田橫,齊國之壯士耳,尚守義不辱」論》,是孔明語,無一點出處者,惟梅河帥用諸葛亮三字取第一。
4 又,某年朝考,為《喜雨志乎民》題,乃《公羊》語,無知者。惟新建萬良知之,本擬取第一,以字太拙,列第三。入詞林,時年六十七,向嘗自撰一聯,語云:「十九屆諸生,壯心未已;一千年不死,老腳還來」。矍鑠哉!是翁也。
URN: ctp:ws76476

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