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Scope: 水經注
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卷第四

19
又東過平隂縣北清水從西北來注之清水出清亷山之西嶺世亦謂之清營山其水東南流出峽峽左有城蓋古闗防也清水歴其南東流逕臯落城北服䖍曰赤翟之都也世謂之倚亳城蓋讀聲近轉訛作傳案近刻因失實也春秋左𫝊所謂晉侯使太子申生伐東山臯落氏者也與倚亳川水合水出北山礦谷東南流注于清清水又東逕清廉城南又東南流右㑹南溪水又水訛作溪案近刻右訛作水出南山而東注清水清水又東合乾棗澗水脱乾字案近刻水出石人嶺下訛作左案石近刻南流俗謂之扶蘇水又南歴奸苗北馬頭山亦曰白水原西南逕垣縣故城北史記魏武侯二年城安邑至垣即是縣也其水西南流注清水注二案流㑹清流句下字近刻訛在初水色白濁脱水字案近刻初㑹清流乃有𤣥素之異也清水又東南逕陽壺城東即垣縣之壺丘重城東即垣縣之壺七字案丘亭上原本及近刻竝晉遷宋五大夫所居也清水又東南流注于河河水又東與教水合字原本案此八訛作經及近刻竝水出垣縣北教山南逕輔山山高三十許里上有泉源脱源字案近刻不測其深山頂周圓五六里少草木山海經曰孟門東南有平山水出于其上潛于其下又是王屋之次疑即平山也其水南流歴鼓鍾上峽懸洪五丈飛流注壑夾岸深高壁立直上輕崖秀舉訛作經案輕近刻百有餘丈峰次青松巖懸赬石于中歴落有翠柏生焉丹青綺分望若圖繡矣水廣十許步南流歴鼓鍾川分為二澗一澗西北出百六十許里山岫迴岨纔通馬步今聞喜縣東北谷口猶有乾河里故溝存焉今無復有水一水歴冶官西世人謂之鼓鍾城城之左右猶有遺銅及銅錢也城西阜下有大泉西流注澗與教水合伏入石下南至下峽山海經曰鼓鍾之山帝臺之所以觴百神即是山也其水重源又發訛作雙案又近刻南至西馬頭山東截坡下又伏流南十餘里復出又謂之伏流水南入于河山海經曰教山教水出焉而南流注于河訛作又案而近刻是水冬乾夏流寔惟乾河也今世人猶謂之為乾澗矣河水又與畛水合近刻竝訛作經案此七字原本及水出新安縣青要山今謂之疆山下衍山海經曰河長澗七字案疆近刻作彊下同又此句之其水北流入于河山海經曰青要之山畛水出焉即是水也河水又東正囘之水入焉水出騩山疆山東阜也東流俗謂之疆川水與石瓜疇川合石等瓜川合案近刻訛作與水出西北石澗中脱水字案近刻東南流注于疆川水疆川水又東逕疆冶鐵官東東北流注于河河水又東合庸庸之水近刻竝訛作經案此九字原本及水出河東垣縣宜蘇山訛作南案東近刻俗謂之長泉水山海經曰水多黃貝伊洛門也其水北流分為二水一水北入河一水又東北流注于河河水又東逕平隂縣北近刻竝訛作經案此九字原本及地理風俗記曰河南平隂縣故晉隂地隂戎之所居又曰在平城之南故曰平隂也三老董公說高祖處陸機所謂皤皤董叟謨我平隂者也魏文帝改曰河隂矣河水又㑹濝水近刻竝訛作經案此六字原本及水出垣縣王屋山西濝溪訛作西山案山西近刻夾山東南流逕故城東即濝闗也漢光武建武二年遣司空王梁北守濝闗天井闗擊赤眉別挍皆降之獻帝自陜北渡安邑東出濝闗即是闗也濝水西屈逕闗城南歴軹闗南逕苗亭西亭故周之苗邑也又東流注于河經書清水非也是乃濝水耳在縣東經于大河東過平隂縣北之案清水入河處在平隂縣西濝水則故道元辯其非下乃言清水注河又東至鄧西北來注之上考濝水入河之後河乃至鄧案此四字原本及近刻竝訛在上句清水從南冇鄧城道元叙河水又東逕平縣故城北即云河水而平縣又在其東今濟源縣西有濝水有苗亭孟縣西文之誤然則二語上下倒亂在道元後矣今訂正于斯冇盟津之目盟津值今孟縣南上注不言經洛陽西北四十二里故鄧鄉矣近刻竝訛在後條注案此十二字原本及之下今訂正內南臨孟

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