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Scope: 杨忠介集
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杨忠介集

598 斛山杨先生馀富平人也名爵字伯修官御史时以直諌显世之人毋论识与不识咸称为斛山先生云当先生之生火光起自室中观者咸惊异之长而伉自立不苟为同异则崭然头角矣家世清修先生又颖悟绝伦以故不具束脯从授经每耕之垄上輙挟册以从且读且田欣然无厌而其意则谓人当以圣贤为师取予去就不禀古昔何所称宇宙间时苑洛韩大司马方以理学倡明闗陜先生独师事之韩观其貌行朴如也已而叩其衷避席敛栣同时学者皆自以为不及云伯兄靖故以掾中法无赦先生徒歩百里外为伸其寃械系狱中吏卒苦之甚先生从狱中上书邑令见而竒之出与语甚恭推之食辞解之衣被则又辞亡何以弟子员举省试第三人明年成进士授行人司行人出使藩国馈遗一无所受其亷洁不污葢天性然已而授监察御史时权臣擅柄义所不可乃移疾归会其母老且病侍汤药不解衣带母卒毁瘠逾礼庐于墓者三年有冬笋驯兔之瑞服阕复起为御史棱棱气节诸贵近莫敢于以私者而所睹时事不胜愤抗疏言天下大计有五其要谓方今灾沴频仍岁恶不稔辅近侍从之臣争为软语以媚上勋戚若郭翊侯軰又鱼肉小民以取大利土木之工十年不息司衡钱岁费不止亿万计朝仪间阔大小臣工无有奉颜色聆天语者缁黄末流至滥充保傅之选其馀言事诸臣若杨最罗洪先軰非死即斥去人人以言为讳国家所以隆盛治荅天意者似不宜此疏入上大怒即命镇抚司穷治其词拷讯备至定死矣竟不死户部主事周天佐御史浦鋐俱以救先生棰死狱中而先生身幽囹圄者凡五年适上以受厘故放先生归里间宻旨命司隶踵其后甫至家而逮系者又至先生无几微见颜面即日从容赴北镇司狱又三年而始还上之圣明保全谏臣如此教授里中贵人莫得见其面疏粥敝履怡然自适五十七岁而卒卒之前有大鸟集于庭公指以语人此其杨震鸟乎兆且在我援笔自志又惓惓以作一等事做一等人教其子孙无他辞葢先生死若干年庄皇帝以世庙遗诏赠先生光禄寺少卿并録其后生称大忠没有遗荣矣先生为人硜直不阿意而内实忠淳一切所行务合道理故身履危地遇每坦途当先生被逮之日天乃风晦冥不辨色都士人惊相告语以为杨御史风及火灾玄坛闻空中言宜释先生上乃忆先生疏释之得归里比再逮出闗濵危甚矣晋义士匾寿亭侯祝先生老牖下仇上者负匾持士竟匾遭回禄而邻屋宛然夫精诚通天地而忠信格九重此与区区口舌费皂囊中薄蹏者可同日语乎

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