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Scope: 淮南鴻烈解
Condition : Contains text 「誋」
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5
聖人在上則民樂其治在下則民慕其意人在上位如寢關曝纊寢謂臥關上之不纊繭也曝繭踴動不休死乃止也不得須臾寧故易曰乘馬班如泣連如諭乘馬班如難也故有泣血之憂言小人處非其位可長也物莫無所不用天雄烏喙藥之凶也良醫以活人侏儒瞽師人之困慰者也蹶也一曰慰極人主以備樂是故聖人制其剟材所不用矣剟䟽殺也勇士一呼三軍皆辟其出也誠故倡而不和意而不戴意患聲也戴嗟中心有不合者也故舜不降席而王天下者求己也故上多故則民多詐矣身曲而景直未之聞也說之所不至者容貌至焉說之不如貌精微入人深也容貌之所不至者感忽至焉感心明乎智發而成形精之至也可以形勢接而不可以照誌戎翟之馬皆可以馳驅或近或遠唯造父能盡其力三苗之民皆可使忠信或賢或不肖唯唐虞能齊其美必有不傳者心教之微眇不可傳中行繆伯手搏虎中行繆伯晉臣也力能搏生虎也而不能生也力能殺虎而德不能服之蓋力優而克不能及也克猶能也用百人之所能則得百人之力舉千人之所愛則得千人之心辟若伐樹而引其本千枝萬葉則莫得弗從也慈父之愛子非為報也不可內解於心聖王之養民非求用也性不能已若火之自熱冰之自寒夫有何修焉及恃其力賴其功者若失火舟中言舟中之人同心救火不租相為賜故君子見始斯知終矣媒妁譽人而莫之德也取庸而強飯之莫之愛也雖親父慈母不加於此有以為則恩不接矣故送往者非所以迎來也施死者非專為生也誠出於己則所動者遠矣錦繡登廟貴文也登猶入也圭璋在前尚質也以王祭之者質也文不勝質之謂君子故終年為車無三寸之鎋不可以驅馳匠人斲戶無一尺之楗不可以閉藏故君子可斯乎其所結結要終也心之精者可以神化而不可以導人導教目之精者可以消澤而不可以昭昭遁誠也不可以教導戒人在混㝠之中不可諭於人混㝠人心中也故舜不降席而天下治桀不下陛而天下亂蓋情甚乎叫呼也言雖叫呼大語不如心行眞直也無諸己求諸人古今未之聞也同言而民信信在言前也同令而民化誠在令外也聖人在上民遷而化情以先之也動於上不應於下者情與令殊也故易曰亢龍有悔仁君動極在上故有悔也三月嬰兒未知利害也而慈母之愛諭焉者情也故言之用者昭昭乎小哉不言之用者曠曠乎大哉身君子之言信也身君子之言體行君子之言也中君子之意忠也忠信形於內感動應於外故禹執干戚舞於兩階之間而三苗服三苗畔禹禹風以禮樂而服之也鷹翔川魚鼈沉禹以德服三苗猶鷹翔川上魚鼈恐皆潛飛鳥揚鳥見鷹而揚去必遠害也鷹懷欲害之心故鳥魚知其情實故遠之子之死父也臣之死君也世有行之者矣非出死以要名也恩心之藏於中而不能違其難也故人之甘甘非正為蹠也人之甘甘猶樂樂而為之臣之死君子之死父非以求蹠蹠也而蹠焉往言蹠乃往至也君子之慘怛非正為僞形也諭乎人心非從外入自中出者也義尊乎君仁親乎父故君之於臣也能死生之不能使為苟蕳易君不能使臣為苟合易行之義父之於子也能發起之不能使無憂尋憂尋憂長也仁念也仁念父母不樂子之如此然不能止故義勝君仁勝父則君尊而臣忠父慈而子孝

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