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Chinese Text Project Wiki
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Scope: 讀書雜釋
Condition : Contains text 「鴢」
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「衣朱衣」,《呂覽》作「衣赤衣」。仲夏、季夏亦作「衣朱衣」。按孔穎達疏:「路與服言朱,𩤃與旗及玉言赤者,色淺曰赤,色深曰朱。路與衣服人功所為,染必色深,故云朱。玉與亞馬自然之性,皆不可色深,故云赤。旌旂雖人功所為,然染之不須色深,故亦云赤。按《詩》傳:『天子純朱,諸侯黃朱。』又,鄭注《儀禮》云:『朱則四入與』,是朱深於赤也。」高誘注:「皆赤,順火也」,不更立義。鼒按:《說文》云:「赤,南方色也。從大,從火。」「朱,赤色木,松柏屬。」《白虎通義·封禪》云:「朱草,赤草也。可以染絳,別尊卑也。」《廣雅·釋器》云:「朱,赤也。」是朱、赤無別也。又,鄭注《易》「困于赤紱」云:「朱深曰赤。」是赤深於朱也。《山海經·中山經》:「有鳥焉,名曰,青身而朱目。」注云:「朱,淺赤也。」是朱淺於赤也。而孔云「色淺曰赤,色深曰朱」者,既據《儀禮》注「染絳一入謂之縓,再入謂之赬,三入謂之糸熏,朱則四入」之說,且以青、蒼、黑之例推之,知其當然也。

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