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Scope: 四庫全書總目提要
Condition : Contains text 「鹮」
Total 1

四庫全書總目提要

2
是楙所見者非北宋之本。又楙書中辨鶯遷一條,引《禽經》鸎鳴嚶嚶。辨杜詩白鷗沒浩蕩一條,引《禽經》鳧善沒,鷗善浮。辨葉夢得詞睡起啼鶯語一條,引《禽經》啼鶯解語,流鶯不解語。今本又無之。馬驌《繹史》全錄此書,而別取《埤雅》、《爾雅翼》所引今本不載者,附錄於末,謂之《古禽經》。今考所載楙已稱《禽經》無其文者凡三條,其餘尚有青鳳謂之鶡,赤鳳謂之鶉,黃鳳謂之焉,白鳳謂之肅,紫鳳謂之鷟,鶴愛陰而惡陽,雁愛陽而惡陰,鶴老則聲下而不能高,近而不能尞,旋目其名,方目其名厷鳥,交目其名鳽,鳥之小而鷙者皆曰隼,大而鷙者皆曰鳩,烏鳴啞啞,鸞鳴噰々,鳳鳴喈喈,凰鳴啾啾,雉鳴鷕鷕,雞鳴咿咿,鶯鳴嚶嚶,鵲鳴唶唶,鴨鳴呷呷,鵠鳴哠々,鵙鳴口具々,卻近翠者能步,卻近蒲者能擲,朱鳶不攫肉,朱鷺不吞腥,摯好風,鸍好雨,鷞好霜,鷺好露,陸鳥曰棲,水鳥曰宿,獨鳥曰止,眾鳥曰集,鵝見異類差翅鳴,雞見同類拊翼鳴,鵻上無尋,鷚上無常,雉上有丈,鷃上有赤,暮鳩鳴即小雨,朝鳶鳴即大風,鸇鸇之信不如鷹,周周之智不如鴻,淘河在岸則魚沒,沸河在岸則魚湧,雕以周之,鷲以就之,鷹以膺之,鶻以搰之,隼以尹之,鴻雁愛力,遇風迅舉,孔雀愛毛,遇雨高止,雁曰翁,雞曰沙鳥,鶉曰鷹,鷹不擊伏,鶻不擊妊,一鳥曰隹,二鳥曰雔,三鳥曰朋,四鳥曰乘,五鳥曰鳸,六鳥曰鶂,七鳥曰土鳥,八鳥曰鸞,九鳥曰鳩,十鳥曰章鳥,拙者莫如鳩,巧者莫如鶻,鵲見蛇則噪而賁,孔見蛇則宛而躍,山禽之咮多短,水禽之咮多長,山離之尾多修,水禽之尾多促,衡為雀,虛為燕,火為鷮,亢為鶴,鸛生三子一為鶴,鳩生三子一為鶚,鷹好跱,隼好翔,鳧好沒,鷗好浮,乾車斷舌則坐歌,孔雀拍尾則立舞,人勝之也,鸞入夜而歌,鳳入朝而舞,天勝之也,霜傅強枝,鳥以武生者少,雪封枯原,鳥以文死者多,雀交不一,雉交不再,冠鳥性勇,帶鳥性仁,纓鳥性樂,鴺鳥不登山,鶮鳥不踏土諸條。其中有兩條為楙所摘引,餘亦不云無其文。則今所見者,又非楙所見之本矣。觀雕以周之諸語,全類《字說》,疑即傳王氏學者所偽作,故陸佃取之。此本為左圭《百川學海》所載,則其偽當在南宋之末,流傳已數百年。文士往往引用。姑存備考,固亦無不可也。

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