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Scope: 说文解字注
Condition : Contains text “𠄟”
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说文解字注

69
敍曰:二字旧在下文「此十四篇」之上,今审定,移置于此。《左传·宣十五年·正义》引《说文·序》云:「仓颉之初作书。」可证。《史记》、《汉书》、《法言》、《大元》叙皆殿于末。孙守真按:「元」字原有空围框起,表康熙讳也。《大元》即《太玄》。古箸书之例如此。许书十四篇旣成,乃述其箸书之意,而为五百四十部冣目。记其文字都数,作韵语以终之;略放〈大史公自序〉云。古者庖牺氏之王天下也,仰则观象于天,俯则观法于地,视鸟兽之文与地之宜,近取诸身,远取诸物,于是始作《易》八卦,㠯垂宪象。及神农氏,结绳为治而统其事,庶业其䋣,饰伪𦹩生。黄帝之史仓颉见鸟兽蹏迒之迹,知分理之可相别异也,分理犹文理。初造书契。百工㠯乂,万品㠯察,葢取诸夬。「夬,扬于王庭」,言文者,宣敎朙化于王者朝廷,「君子所㠯施禄及下,居德则忌」也。仓颉之初作书,盖依类象形,故谓之文;其后形、声相益,卽谓之字。文者,物象之本;字者,言孳乳而寖多也。箸于竹帛谓之书。书者,如也。㠯迄五帝、三王之世,改易殊体,封于泰山者七十有二代,靡有同焉。《周礼》:八岁入小学,𠈃氏敎国子先㠯六书。一曰指事,指事者,视而可识,察而见意,𠄞、𠄟是也。二曰象形,象形者,画成其物,随体诘诎,日、月是也。三曰形声,形声者,㠯事为名,取譬相成,江、河是也。四曰会意,会意者,比类合谊,㠯见指撝,𭟰、信是也。五曰转注,转注者,建类一首,同意相受,考、老是也。

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