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Scope: 华阳国志校补图注
Condition : Contains text “𨑔”
Total 1

华阳国志卷一

2 历夏、殷、周,廖本注:「当作历虞夏殷。脱虞字,衍周字。」兹不取。九州牧伯率职。周文为伯,西有九国。及武王克商,并徐合青,省梁合雍,而职方氏犹掌其地,辨其土壤,甄其〔贯〕利。旧各本俱作宝利。惠校改作货利。兹按,《周礼‧职方氏》:「乃辨九州之国,使同贯利。」郑玄注:「贯,事也。谓九谷六畜等财用之事。」常氏用《职方》文,则当是贯字。兹改正。迄于秦帝。旧各本皆作「起于秦帝」。惟廖本改起作迄,无说。兹查《说文》走部:「起,能立也。」「𧺞,直行也。」辵部:「𨑔,古文起。」「●,至也。」盖常氏谓职方之制,行至秦帝时。后人写譌为起。惠校改作●,故廖本作迄也。句断。汉兴,高祖藉之成业。〔武帝开拓疆壤〕,乃改雍曰凉,革梁曰益。旧刻皆乃字上接高祖句。当是有脱。按《汉书‧地理志》:「武帝攘却胡越,开地斥境,南置交址,北置朔方之州。兼徐、梁、幽、并、夏、周之制,改雍曰凉,改梁曰益,凡十三部。」常氏实用其说,宛然原句,则其脱武帝一句明矣。《水经注》卷三十三,引《地理风俗记》曰:「元朔二年,改梁曰益州。以新启犍为、牂柯、越嶲、州之疆壤益广,故称益云。」兹据以补六字。故巴、汉、庸、蜀属益州。至魏咸熙元年平蜀,始分益〔之〕旧皆作州。按「益州」既为州名,亦为州部属郡名。与巴、汉连称,甚碍文义。上益,亦不连州字。此益下州盖之字譌。巴、汉七郡置梁州。治汉中。以相国参军中山耿黼为刺史。元康六年,广汉益〔魏梁〕州,旧各本皆作「广汉益州」。廖本注云:「当作广益梁州。」今按:所广者魏之梁州。原文当是「广魏梁州」。传钞者因魏改广汉为广魏,每见广魏字即改为广汉。展转遂并譌梁益字也。广与益为一义。廖本所注亦非。兹改二字。更割雍州之武都、阴平,荆州之新城、上庸、魏兴以属焉。凡统郡一十一〔十二〕,县五十八。旧本尽作「凡统郡一十一」。顾广圻校云:「当云统郡一十二。巴郡、巴东郡、涪陵郡、巴西郡、宕渠郡、汉中郡、魏兴郡、上庸郡、新城郡、梓潼郡、武都郡、阴平郡。县五十八者,不数省。」廖本据以入注。汉晋人记数,十、百、千、万上,例不著「一」字。原文当作「郡十二」。县不数省者,谓如乐城、常安、宣汉,晋世已省并县,不在五十八县内。

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