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Scope: 餐櫻廡隨筆
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餐櫻廡隨筆

110 武進餘幼冰比部光倬,道光丁未進士,授主事,升郎中。總辦秋審處,慮囚詳慎,不輕麗人於法。同治壬戌,江督何桂清始就逮至京,光倬實司審讞。據《大清律》,地方大吏逃奔蹶事,比照守邊將帥失守城寨斬監候律,擬斬監候。情罪重,則擬斬立決,仍請上裁。時朝中大僚,多為桂清故舊,謂不當加重,冀緩其死。而給事中郭祥瑞等,復交章論劾,請速正典刑。大學士六部九卿翰詹科道議覆,刑部主稿,光倬草奏曰:已革兩江總督何桂清,身膺疆寄,受國厚恩,豈不知軍旅之事,有進無退,守土之責,城存與存。況其時常州有兵有餉,並非不可固守,乃首先棄城逃避,致令全局潰散。望亭為無錫至蘇州要沖,業經奏明,截留長龍船札營於此。乃並未身經一戰,命殺一賊,忽於蘇州失陷之前一日,率師船退駐福山海口。是其撤兵遠遁,縱寇殃民,尤罪跡之昭著者。至刑部歷年審辦軍營失事成案,均視此為輕,唯餘步雲系由斬候加至斬決,情罪相等。雖帶兵提督與統兵總督稍有不同,然論疆寄則文臣視武臣為重,論重法則逃官與逃將同誅,論情節則聞警屢逃,非被攻被圍變出不測者可比,論地方則全省糜爛,非一城一寨偶致疏防者可比。請仍照原擬從重,擬以斬立決。六月十三日奏上,得旨改為斬監候秋後處決。十月,竟奉特旨立決。論者謂光倬執法之力,有以致之。光倬困簿領久,殊藞,不屑修邊幅,都人士戲以「糟餘」呼之餘、魚音同。顧生平伉爽重然諾,承鞫斯案,始終持正,尤踔躒可傳。先是,獄方急時,桂清之私暱,或輦巨金置光倬榻,謀少通融;或怵光倬以危辭,皆不為動。蓋當時巨公大僚,經強有力者為之道地,業已什九轉圜。第光倬一瞻徇,其究軍臺效力而已。其卒能罪人斯得,上伸國法,而下快人心,俾繼此守土握兵之臣知所戒儆,則光倬一夫當關也。明年,給事中博桂以部有劇盜越獄,復牽涉桂清讞案,劾光倬苛刻鍛煉,下部案治,皆不得實。旋因屢被參劾,撤銷京察一等及御史記名。未幾以內艱歸,遂不復出。

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