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Scope: 全唐文
Condition : References 「孟子
Total 3

卷五百五十五

6
其於人也亦然。人聲之精者為言,文辭之於言,又其精也,尤擇其善鳴者而假之鳴。其在唐虞,咎陶、禹其善鳴者也,而假以鳴。夔弗能以文辭鳴,又自假於《韶》以鳴。夏之時,五子以其歌鳴。伊尹鳴殷,周公鳴周。凡載於《詩》《書》六藝,皆鳴之善者也。周之衰,孔子之徒鳴之,其聲大而遠。《傳》曰:「天將以夫子為木鐸。」其弗信矣乎!其末也,莊周以其荒唐之辭鳴。楚,大國也,其亡也以屈原鳴。臧孫辰孟軻荀卿以道鳴者也。楊朱墨翟管夷吾晏嬰老聃申不害韓非、岬健⑻鐓欏⒆捫堋⑹佼、孫武張儀蘇秦之屬,皆以其術鳴。秦之興,李斯鳴之。漢之時,司馬遷相如揚雄,最其善鳴者也。其下魏、晉氏,鳴者不及於古,然亦未嘗絕也。就其善者,其聲清以浮,其節數以急,其詞淫以哀,其志弛以肆,其為言也,亂雜而無章。將天醜其德,莫之顧耶?何為乎不鳴其善鳴者也?
54
蓋子夏之學,其後有田子方;子方之後,流而為莊周。故周之書,喜稱子方之為人。荀卿之書,語聖人必曰孔子、子弓。子弓之事業不傳,惟《太史公書弟子傳》有姓名字,曰:「乾臂子弓。」子弓受《易》於商瞿。孟軻師子思,子思之學,蓋出曾子。自孔子沒,群弟子莫不有書,獨孟軻氏之傳得其宗,故吾少而樂觀焉。

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