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-> 方言

《方言》[View] [Edit] [History]

Author楊雄
DynastyWestern Han
Base text《抱經堂叢書》本
Data itemctext:396067
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The Fāngyán (方言), compiled by the Han dynasty poet and philosopher Yang Xiong (53 BCE – 18 CE), was the first Chinese dictionary of regionalisms. Translations of this ancient dictionary's title include: 'regional words', 'regional expressions', 'dictionary of local expressions', and 'regional spoken words'.

Yang Xiong's Fangyan is considered the "most significant lexicographic work" of the Western Han. His dictionary's preface explains how he spent 27 years amassing and collating the dictionary. Yang collected regionalisms from many sources, particularly the yóuxuān ( 'light carriage') surveys, which were a Zhou and Qin dynasty tradition of annually sending imperial emissaries into the countryside to gather folk songs and popular sayings, which recorded localisms from all over China and as far north as Korea. The Fangyans full title is Yóuxuān shǐzhě juédài yǔ shì biéguó fāngyán' (, 'Local expressions of other countries in times immemorial explained by the Light-Carriage Messenger').

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[Versions of this work (4)]
URN: ctp:wb955885

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