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Scope: Kings who have wished to resign the Throne Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "故內省而不窮於道臨難而不失其德天寒既至霜露既降吾是以知松柏之茂也" Matched:1.
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讓王 - Kings who have wished to resign the Throne

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《讓王》 Library Resources
13 讓王:
孔子窮於陳、蔡之間,七日不火食,藜羹不糝,顏色甚憊,而弦歌於室。顏回擇菜,子路、子貢相與言曰:「夫子再逐於魯,削迹於衛,伐樹於宋,窮於商、周,圍於陳、蔡,殺夫子者無罪,藉夫子者無禁。弦歌鼓琴,未嘗絕音,君子之無恥也若此乎?」顏回無以應,入告孔子。孔子推琴喟然而歎曰:「由與賜,細人也。召而來!吾語之。」
Kings who have wished...:
When Confucius was reduced to extreme distress between Zhan and Cai, for seven days he had no cooked meat to eat, but only some soup of coarse vegetables without any rice in it. His countenance wore the appearance of great exhaustion, and yet he kept playing on his lute and singing inside the house. Yan Hui (was outside), selecting the vegetables, while Zi-lu and Zi-gong were talking together, and said to him, 'The Master has twice been driven from Lu; he had to flee from Wei; the tree (beneath which he rested) was cut down in Sung; he was reduced to extreme distress in Shang and Zhou; he is held in a state of siege here between Zhan and Cai; any one who kills him will be held guiltless; there is no prohibition against making him a prisoner. And yet he keeps playing and singing, thrumming his lute without ceasing. Can a superior man be without the feeling of shame to such an extent as this?' Yan Hui gave them no reply, but went in and told (their words) to Confucius, who pushed aside his lute, and said, 'You and Ci are small men. Call them here, and I will explain the thing to them.'
子路、子貢入。子路曰:「如此者可謂窮矣。」孔子曰:「是何言也!君子通於道之謂通,窮於道之謂窮。今丘抱仁義之道,以遭亂世之患,其何窮之為?故內省而不窮於道,臨難而不失其德,天寒既至,霜露既降,吾是以知松柏之茂也。陳、蔡之隘,於丘其幸乎!」孔子削然反琴而弦歌,子路扢然執干而舞。子貢曰:「吾不知天之高也,地之下也。」
When they came in, Zi-lu said, 'Your present condition may be called one of extreme distress.' Confucius replied, 'What words are these! When the Superior man has free course with his principles, that is what we call his success; when such course is denied, that is what we call his failure. Now I hold in my embrace the principles of benevolence and righteousness, and with them meet the evils of a disordered age - where is the proof of my being in extreme distress? Therefore looking inwards and examining myself, I have no difficulties about my principles; though I encounter such difficulties (as the present), I do not lose my virtue. It is when winter's cold is come, and the hoar-frost and snow are falling, that we know the vegetative power of the pine and cypress. This strait between Zhan and Cai is fortunate for me.' He then took back his lute so that it emitted a twanging sound, and began to play and sing. (At the same time) Zi-lu, hurriedly, seized a shield, and began to dance, while Zi-gong said, 'I did not know (before) the height of heaven nor the depth of the earth.'
古之得道者,窮亦樂,通亦樂。所樂非窮通也,道德於此,則窮通為寒暑風雨之序矣。故許由娛於潁陽,而共伯得乎共首。
The ancients who had got the Dao were happy when reduced to extremity, and happy when having free course. Their happiness was independent of both these conditions. The Dao, and its characteristics - let them have these and distress and success come to them as cold and heat, as wind and rain in the natural order of things. Thus it was that Xu You. found pleasure on the north of the river Ying, and that the earl of Gong enjoyed himself on the top of mount (Gong).

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.