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Chinese Text Project
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Scope: Man in the World, Associated with other Men Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "形就而入且為顛為滅為崩為蹶" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

人間世 - Man in the World, Associated with other Men

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《人間世》 Library Resources
4 人間世:
顏闔將傅衛靈公大子,而問於蘧伯玉曰:「有人於此,其德天殺。與之為無方,則危吾國;與之為有方,則危吾身。其知適足以知人之過,而不知其所以過。若然者,吾奈之何?」蘧伯玉曰:「善哉問乎!戒之慎之,正汝身也哉!形莫若就,心莫若和。雖然,之二者有患。就不欲入,和不欲出。形就而入,且為顛為滅,為崩為蹶。心和而出,且為聲為名,為妖為孽。彼且為嬰兒,亦與之為嬰兒;彼且為無町畦,亦與之為無町畦;彼且為無崖,亦與之為無崖。達之,入於無疵。汝不知夫螳蜋乎?怒其臂以當車轍,不知其不勝任也,是其才之美者也。戒之慎之!積伐而美者以犯之,幾矣。汝不知夫養虎者乎?不敢以生物與之,為其殺之之怒也;不敢以全物與之,為其決之之怒也。時其飢飽,達其怒心。虎之與人異類而媚養己者,順也;故其殺者,逆也。夫愛馬者,以筐盛矢,以蜄盛溺。適有蚉虻僕緣,而拊之不時,則缺銜、毀首、碎胸。意有所至,而愛有所亡,可不慎邪!」
Man in the World,...:
Yan He, being about to undertake the office of Teacher of the eldest son of duke Ling of Wei, consulted Qu Bo-yi. 'Here,' said he, 'is this (young) man, whose natural disposition is as bad as it could be. If I allow him to proceed in a bad way, it will be at the peril of our state; if I insist on his proceeding in a right way, it will be at the peril of my own person. His wisdom is just sufficient to know the errors of other men, but he does not know how he errs himself. What am I to do in such a case?' Qu Bo-yi replied,'Good indeed is your question! Be on your guard; be careful; see that you keep yourself correct! Your best plan will be, with your person to seek association with him, and with your mind to try to be in harmony with him; and yet there are dangers connected with both of these things. While seeking to keep near to him, do not enter into his pursuits; while cultivating a harmony of mind with him, do not show how superior you are to him. If in your personal association you enter into his pursuits, you will fall with him and be ruined, you will tumble down with a crash. If in maintaining a harmony with his mind, you show how different you are from him, he will think you do so for the reputation and the name, and regard you as a creature of evil omen. If you find him to be a mere boy, be you with him as another boy; if you find him one of those who will not have their ground marked out in the ordinary way, do you humour him in this characteristic; if you find him to be free from lofty airs, show yourself to be the same - (ever) leading him on so as to keep him free from faults. Do you not know (the fate of) the praying mantis? It angrily stretches out its arms, to arrest the progress of the carriage, unconscious of its inability for such a task, but showing how much it thinks of its own powers. Be on your guard; be careful. If you cherish a boastful confidence in your own excellence, and place yourself in collision with him, you are likely to incur the fate (of the mantis). Do you not know how those who keep tigers proceed? They do not dare to supply them with living creatures, because of the rage which their killing of them will excite. They do not (even) dare to give them their food whole, because of the rage which their rending of it will excite. They watch till their hunger is appeased, (dealing with them) from their knowledge of their natural ferocity. Tigers are different from men, but they fawn on those who feed them, and do so in accordance with their nature. When any of these are killed by them, it is because they have gone against that nature. Those again who are fond of horses preserve their dung in baskets, and their urine in jars. If musquitoes and gadflies light on them, and the grooms brush them suddenly away, the horses break their bits, injure (the ornaments on) their heads, and smash those on their breasts. The more care that is taken of them, the more does their fondness (for their attendants) disappear. Ought not caution to be exercised (in the management of them)?'

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.