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Scope: The Way of Heaven Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: References "故天下莫能与之争" Matched:1.
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天道 - The Way of Heaven

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《天道》 Library Resources
1 天道:
天道运而无所积,故万物成;帝道运而无所积,故天下归;圣道运而无所积,故海内服。明于天,通于圣,六通四辟于帝王之德者,其自为也,昧然无不静者矣。圣人之静也,非曰静也善,故静也,万物无足以铙心者,故静也。水静则明烛须眉,平中准,大匠取法焉。水静犹明,而况精神!圣人之心静乎,天地之鉴也,万物之镜也。夫虚静恬淡,寂漠无为者,天地之平而道德之至,故帝王圣人休焉。休则虚,虚则实,实者伦矣。虚则静,静则动,动则得矣。静则无为,无为也,则任事者责矣。无为则俞俞,俞俞者忧患不能处,年寿长矣。夫虚静恬淡,寂寞无为者,万物之本也。明此以南乡,尧之为君也;明此以北面,舜之为臣也。以此处上,帝王天子之德也;以此处下,玄圣素王之道也。以此退居而闲游,江海山林之士服;以此进为而抚世,则功大名显而天下一也。静而圣,动而王,无为也而尊,朴素而天下莫能与之争美。夫明白于天地之德者,此之谓大本大宗,与天和者也;所以均调天下,与人和者也。与人和者,谓之人乐;与天和者,谓之天乐。
The Way of Heaven:
The Way of Heaven operates (unceasingly), and leaves no accumulation (of its influence) in any particular place, so that all things are brought to perfection by it; so does the Way of the Dis operate, and all under the sky turn to them (as their directors); so also does the Way of the Sages operate, and all within the seas submit to them. Those who clearly understand (the Way of) Heaven, who are in sympathy with (that of) the sages, and familiar through the universe and in the four quarters (of the earth) with the work of the Dis and the kings, yet act spontaneously from themselves: with the appearance of being ignorant they are yet entirely still. The stillness of the sages does not belong to them as a consequence of their skilful ability; all things are not able to disturb their minds - it is on this account that they are still. When water is still, its clearness shows the beard and eyebrows (of him who looks into it). It is a perfect Level, and the greatest artificer takes his rule from it. Such is the clearness of still water, and how much greater is that of the human Spirit! The still mind of the sage is the mirror of heaven and earth, the glass of all things.
Vacancy, stillness, placidity, tastelessness, quietude, silence, and non-action - this is the Level of heaven and earth, and the perfection of the Dao and its characteristics. Therefore the Dis, Kings, and Sages found in this their resting-place. Resting here, they were vacant; from their vacancy came fullness; from their fullness came the nice distinctions (of things). From their vacancy came stillness; that stillness was followed by movement; their movemerts were successful. From their stillness came their non-action. Doing-nothing, they devolved the cares of office on their employes, Doing-nothing was accompanied by the feeling of satisfaction. Where there is that feeling of satisfaction, anxieties and troubles find no place; and the years of life are many.
Vacancy, stillness, placidity, tastelessness, quietude, silence, and doing-nothing are the root of all things. When this is understood, we find such a ruler on the throne as Yao, and such a minister as Shun. When with this a high position is occupied, we find the attributes of the Dis and kings,-- the sons of Heaven; with this in a low position, we find the mysterious sages, the uncrowned kings, with their ways. With this retiring (from public life), and enjoying themselves at leisure, we find the scholars who dwell by the rivers and seas, among the hills and forests, all submissive to it; with this coming forward to active life and comforting their age, their merit is great, and their fame is distinguished - and all the world becomes united in one. (Such men) by their stillness become sages; and by their movement, kings. Doing-nothing, they are honoured; in their plain simplicity, no one in the world can strive with them (for the palm of) excellence. The clear understanding of the virtue of Heaven and Earth is what is called 'The Great Root,' and 'The Great Origin;' - they who have it are in harmony with Heaven, and so they produce all equable arrangements in the world - they are those who are in harmony with men. Being in harmony with men is called the joy of men; being in harmony with Heaven is called the joy of Heaven.
庄子曰:“吾师乎!吾师乎!虀万物而不为戾,泽及万世而不为仁,长于上古而不为寿,覆载天地、刻雕众形而不为朽,此之谓天乐。故曰:知天乐者,其生也天行,其死也物化;静而与阴同德,动而与阳同波。故知天乐者,无天怨,无人非,无物累,无鬼责。故曰:其动也天,其静也地,一心定而王天下;其鬼不祟,其魂不疲,一心定而万物服。言以虚静推于天地,通于万物,此之谓天乐。天乐者,圣人之心,以蓄天下也。”
Zhuangzi said, 'My Master! my Master! He shall hash and blend all things in mass without being cruel; he shall dispense his favours to all ages without being benevolent. He is older than the highest antiquity, and yet is not old. He overspreads the heavens and sustains the earth; from him is the carving of all forms without any artful skill! This is what is called the Joy of Heaven. Hence it is said, "Those who know the joy of Heaven during their life, act like Heaven, and at death undergo transformation like (other) things; in their stillness they possess the quality of the Yin, and in their movement they flow abroad as the Yang. Therefore he who knows the Joy of Heaven has no murmuring against Heaven, nor any fault-finding with men; and suffers no embarrassment from things, nor any reproof from ghosts. Hence it is said, 'His movements are those of Heaven; his stillness is that of Earth; his whole mind is fixed, and he rules over the world. The spirits of his dead do not come to scare him; he is not worn out by their souls. His words proceeding from his vacancy and stillness, yet reach to heaven and earth, and show a communication with all things: this is what is called the Joy of Heaven. This Joy of Heaven forms the mind of the sage whereby he nurtures all under the sky.'"'

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