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Chinese Text Project

U+9F4A

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Specialized semantic variant

Specialized semantic variant

Specialized semantic variant
Simplified character

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 14 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.86#37 p.371#21 Kangxi: p.1531#06 Cihai: p.1569r4c01 GSR: 593.a Hanyu: v7,p4783#01
Composition:Component of: 𪗅 𪤪 𬪜 𡣙 𡽉 𪗆 𬩣 𪗇 [More]
Mandarin: jiǎn zhāi ㄑㄧˊ ㄐㄧ ㄐㄧˋ ㄐㄧㄢˇ ㄓㄞ
Cantonese:cai4 zai6 zi1
Tang reconstruction:*dzhei
Shuowen:齊部》齊:禾麥吐穗上平也。象形。凡亝之屬皆从亝。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》齊:整也,中也,莊也,好也,疾也,等也,亦州名春秋時齊國秦爲郡後魏置州因齊地以名之又姓風俗通氏姓篇序曰四氏於國齊魯宋衞是也。徂奚切,九。
廣韻·去聲··》齊:火齊似雲母重沓而開色黃赤似金出日南又齊和。又徂兮切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·齊部·齊部》齊:〔古文〕亝《唐韻》徂兮切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》前西切,𠀤音臍。《說文》禾麥吐穗上平也。《註》徐鍇曰:生而齊者,莫如禾麥。又《玉篇》整也。《正韻》無偏頗也。《荀子·富國篇》必將修禮以齊朝,正法以齊官,平政以齊民。《註》齊,整也。又等也。《前漢·食貨志》世家子弟富人,或鬭雞走狗馬,弋獵博戲,亂齊民。《註》如淳曰:齊,等也。無有貴賤,謂之齊民。又《正韻》莊也,肅也。《左傳·文二年》子雖齊聖,不先父食。《註》齊,肅也。又正也。《·小雅》人之齊聖。《註》中正通知之人也。《朱傳》齊,肅也。又《爾雅·釋言》殷齊,中也。《註》釋地曰:岠齊州以南。《疏》齊,中也。中州爲齊州。中州猶言中國也。《列子·黃帝篇》華胥氏之國,不知斯齊國幾千萬里。《註》斯,離也。齊,中也。又《廣韻》好也。又辨也。《易·繫辭》小大者存乎卦。《註》齊,猶言辨也。又速也。《爾雅·釋言》疾齊,壯也。《註》謂速也。《史記·五帝紀》幼而徇齊。《註》徇疾,齊速,言聖人幼而疾速。又國名。武王封太公之地,今山東靑州濟南濰縣安樂等處是也。又乾齊,縣名。屬酒泉郡。見《後漢·郡國志》。又姓。《風俗通·氏姓篇序》四氏,於國齊魯宋衞,是也。又放齊,堯臣名。又《諡法》執心克莊曰齊。資輔就共曰齊。又與臍通。《左傳·莊六年》後君噬齊。又《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤在禮切,音薺。《集韻》齊齊,恭慤貌。《禮·玉藻》廟中齊齊。又《廣韻》在詣切《集韻》《正韻》才詣切,𠀤音劑。《禮·內則》凡食齊,視春時。《周禮·天官·醬人註》食有和齊,藥之類也。又酒以度量節作者謂之齊。《周禮·天官·酒正》五齊三酒,亦作齌。又火齊,珠名。一曰似雲母。重疊而開,色黃赤如金。又《集韻》子計切,音霽。和也。《周禮·天官·食醫》八珍之齊。又《正韻》津私切,音貲。《論語》攝齊升堂。孔安國曰:衣下曰齊。《禮曲禮》兩手摳衣去齊尺。《註》齊,謂裳下緝也。又莊皆切。與齋同。《禮·祭統》齊之爲言齊也,齊不齊以致齊者也。又牋西切,音齏。與齏同。《周禮·天官·醢人五齊註》齊,當爲齏。五齊,昌本𦜉析蜃豚拍深蒲也。《疏》齏葅菜肉之通稱。又與躋同。《禮·樂記》地氣上齊。又《廣韻》疾私切,與薺通。《禮·玉藻》趨中采齊。《鄭註》齊,當爲楚薺之薺。《釋文》齊,依註作薺,疾私反。又《正韻》才資切,音疵。引玉藻采齊當讀疵音。又《正韻》齋字,古單作齊。詳齋字註。又《集韻》子淺切,音翦。同剪。《說文》斷也。剪取其齊,故謂齊爲剪。《儀禮·旣夕》馬下齊髦。《註》齊,剪也。
考證:〔《易·繫辭》齊大小者存乎卦。〕謹照原文齊大小者改齊小大者。〔《爾雅·釋言》疾齊,壯也。《註》猶速也。〕謹照原註猶速也改謂速也。〔《禮·祭統》齊之爲言齊也,齊不齊以致其齊也。〕謹照原文以致其齊也改以致齊者也。
Fanqie:側皆 (《四書章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·論語集注·述而第七》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·論語集注·鄉黨第十》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·公孫丑章句下》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·離婁章句下》) 側皆 (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·萬章章句上》) 徂奚 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 在詣 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 徂兮 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Equivalent readings: (《四書章句集注·論語集注·子罕第九》) (《四書章句集注·論語集注·鄉黨第十》) (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》)
Unihan definition:even, uniform, of equal length

CTP Dictionary


ㄑㄧˊ (1.1): 整齊,一致。 Orderly, uniform.
荀子·議兵》:者強,民不者弱。
ㄑㄧˊ (1.2): 一齊,一同。 Together, along with.
春秋左傳》:齊烏枝鳴曰:用少莫如致死,致死莫如去備。
ㄑㄧˊ (2.1): 相等,相同。 Equal, the same.
禮記·檀弓上》:子游曰:「有亡惡乎?」
Zi-you urged, 'How can a family that has means and one that has not have things done in the same way?'
荀子·王制》:分均則不偏,埶則不壹,眾則不使。
ㄑㄧˊ (2.2): 平,高低一樣。 Level, of equal height.
ㄑㄧˊ (3.1): 整治。 Regulate, put in order.
禮記·大學》:欲治其國者,先其家。
Wishing to order well their states, they first regulated their families.
ㄑㄧˊ (3.2): 戒敕。 Order, command.
尚書·洛誥》:百工,伻從王于周,予惟曰:『庶有事。』
I will marshal all the officers to attend you from Zhou, merely saying that probably there will be business to be done (in sacrificing).
ㄑㄧˊ (4): 全,齊全。 Complete, entire.
史記·平準書》:陛下損膳省用,出禁錢以振元元,寬貸賦,而民不出於南畝,商賈滋眾。
鹽鐵論·未通》:今賴陛下神靈,甲兵不動久矣,然則民不出於南畝,以口率被墾田而不足,空倉廩而賑貧乏,侵益日甚,是以愈惰而仰利縣官也。
ㄑㄧˊ (5): 疾速,敏捷。 Very fast, nimble.
商君書·弱民》:楚國之民,疾而均,速若飄風
The people of the state of Chu, who were alert and well-balanced and fast as a whirlwind.
ㄑㄧˊ (6.1): 限,定限。 Limit, boundary.
列子·楊朱》:楊朱曰:「百年壽之大。」
ㄑㄧˊ (6.2): 限制。 To limit, to impose a boundary on.
周易·繫辭上》:小大者,存乎卦。
ㄑㄧˊ (7): 辨別,分辨。 Distinguish, separate.
ㄑㄧˊ (8.1): 肚臍。後作「臍」。 Navel, bellybutton.
春秋左傳》:楚文王伐申,過鄧,鄧祁侯曰,吾甥也,止而享之,騅甥,聃甥,養甥,請殺楚子,鄧侯弗許,三甥曰,亡鄧國者,必此人也,若不早圖,後君噬,其及圖之乎,圖之,此為時矣,鄧侯曰,人將不食吾餘,對曰,若不從三臣,抑社稷實不血食,而君焉取餘,弗從,還年,楚子伐鄧,十六年,楚復伐鄧,滅之。
ㄑㄧˊ (8.2): 中央。 Central.
列子·黃帝》:華胥氏之國在弇州之西,台州之北,不知斯國幾千萬里。
爾雅·釋言》:殷,,中也。
ㄑㄧˊ (8.3): 漩渦。 Swirl, vortex.
莊子·達生》:俱入,與汩偕出,從水之道而不為私焉。
I enter and go down with the water in the very centre of its whirl, and come up again with it when it whirls the other way. I follow the way of the water, and do nothing contrary to it of myself
ㄑㄧˊ (9): 先秦國名。 The pre-Qin state of Qi.
墨子·非儒下》:孔丘之見景公,景公說,欲封之以尼谿,以告晏子
Kong Qiu visited the state of Qi and saw Lord Jing. Lord Jing was pleased and was going to assign Ni Xi to him. He told Yanzi about it.
論語·雍也》:子華使於,冉子為其母請粟
Zi Hua being employed on a mission to Qi, the disciple Ran requested grain for his mother.
孟子·梁惠王上》:及寡人之身,東敗於,長子死焉。
But since it descended to me, on the east we have been defeated by Qi, and then my eldest son perished.
莊子·人間世》:葉公子高將使於,問於仲尼曰:「王使諸梁也甚重,齊之待使者,蓋將甚敬而不急。」
Zi Gao, duke of She, being about to proceed on a mission to Qi, asked Zhongni, saying, The king is sending me, Zhu Liang, on a mission which is very important. Qi will probably treat me as his commissioner with great respect, but it will not be in a hurry (to attend to the business).
禮記·檀弓下》:穀王姬之喪,魯莊公為之大功
'When the news was sent from Qi of the mourning for the king's daughter who had been married to the marquis, duke Zhuang of Lu wore the nine months' mourning for her.
韓非子·初見秦》:臣聞天下陰燕陽魏,連荊固,收韓而成從,將西面以與秦強為難,臣竊笑之
ㄐㄧ (10): 升起,登。後作「躋」。 Rise up, climb.
禮記·樂記》:地氣上,天氣下降,陰陽相摩,天地相蕩,鼓之以雷霆,奮之以風雨,動之以四時,暖之以日月,而百化興焉
The breath (or influence) of earth ascends on high, and that of heaven descends below. These in their repressive and expansive powers come into mutual contact, and heaven and earth act on each other. (The susceptibilities of nature) are roused by the thunder, excited by the wind and rain, moved by the four seasons, and warmed by the sun and moon; and all the processes of change and growth vigorously proceed.
ㄐㄧ (11): 醬菜。後作「齏」。 Preserved vegetables.
周禮·天官冢宰》:醯人:掌共五、七菹,凡醯物
ㄐㄧˋ (12.1): 調配。後作「劑」。 Blend, mix together, prepare (medicine).
韓非子·定法》:而醫者,藥也。
ㄐㄧˋ (12.2): 調味品。 Condiments.
禮記·少儀》:,執之以右,居之於左。
ㄐㄧˋ (12.3): 藥劑。 Medicine.
韓非子·喻老》:在腸胃,火之所及也。
ㄐㄧˋ (13.1): 份量,劑量。 Portion, dose.
呂氏春秋·本味》:調和之事,必以甘酸苦辛鹹,先後多少,其甚微,皆有自起。
ㄐㄧˋ (13.2): 特指合金配料比例。 Proportion of metal in an alloy.
周禮·冬官考工記》:金有六
jiǎn ㄐㄧㄢˇ (14): 斷,剪斷。 Cut off.
儀禮·既夕禮》:馬不髦。
zhāi ㄓㄞ (15.1): 齋戒。後作「齋」。 Fast, abstain from meat, wine, etc.
論語·鄉黨》:,必有明衣,布。
When fasting, he thought it necessary to have his clothes brightly clean and made of linen cloth.
莊子·達生》:吾將三月豢汝,十日戒,三日,藉白茅,加汝肩尻乎彫俎之上,則汝為之乎?
I will for three months feed you on grain. Then for ten days I will fast, and keep vigil for three days, after which I will put down the mats of white grass, and lay your shoulders and rumps on the carved stand; will not this suit you?
禮記·郊特牲》:孔子曰:「三日,一日用之,猶恐不敬。」
Confucius said, 'There are three days' fasting on hand., If one fast for the first day, he should still be afraid of not being (sufficiently) reverent.
大戴禮記》:成廟將遷之新廟,君前徙三日,祝、宗人及從者皆齊
zhāi ㄓㄞ (15.2): 整潔身心,以示虔心。後作「齋」。 Solemnity.
zhāi ㄓㄞ (15.3): 莊重,肅敬。 Dignified, respectful.
論語·鄉黨》:雖疏食菜羹,瓜祭,必如也。
Although his food might be coarse rice and vegetable soup, he would offer a little of it in sacrifice with a grave, respectful air.
詩經·思齊》:大任、文王之母、思媚周姜、京室之婦。
Pure and reverent was Da-ren, The mother of king Wen; Loving was she to Zhou Jiang; - A wife becoming the House of Zhou.
(16.1): 衣的下擺。 Lower hem of an item of clothing.
論語·鄉黨》:升堂,鞠躬如也,屏氣似不息者。
He ascended the reception hall, holding up his robe with both his hands, and his body bent; holding in his breath also, as if he dared not breathe.
禮記·曲禮上》:兩手摳衣去尺。
With his two hands he should hold up his lower garment, so that the bottom of it may be a cubit from the ground.
(16.2): 將喪服下部的邊折轉縫起來。 Raise the lower part of the funeral dress.
儀禮·喪服》:,裳內,衰外。
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