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Chinese Text Project

U+4E5D

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 1 strokes = 2 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.322#18 Kangxi: p.83#19 Cihai: p.48r6c01 GSR: 992.a Hanyu: v1,p0048#05
Composition:Component of: 丸 𬼃 𠃙 𠕴 𠠵 𠘪 𠬚 𨸒 𫷥 𡚪 氿 𭆸 [More]
Mandarin:jiǔ ㄐㄧㄡˇ
Cantonese:gau2
Tang reconstruction:*gioǔ gioǔ
Shuowen:九部》九:陽之變也。象其屈曲究盡之形。凡九之屬皆从九。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》九:數也,又漢複姓二氏何氏姓苑云昔岱縣人姓九百名里爲縣小吏而功曹姓萬縣中語曰九百小吏萬功曹列子秦穆公時九方皐一名甄善相馬也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·乙部·乙部》九:《唐韻》《正韻》舉有切《集韻》《韻會》己有切,𠀤音久。數也。《說文》陽之變也。《易·乾·文言》乾元用九,天下治也。《列子·天瑞篇》一變而爲七,七變而爲九,九變者,究也。又算法曰九九。《韓詩外傳》齊桓公設庭爎待人士,不至。東野有以九九見者,曰:九九薄能耳,君猶禮之,况賢於九九者乎。《註》若今九章算法。又《荆楚歲時記》俗用冬至次日,數及九九八十一日爲寒盡。又《史記·騶衍傳》中國之外,有赤縣神州者九。又九之爲言多也。《公羊傳·僖九年》葵丘之會,桓公震而矜之,叛者九國,言叛者衆,非實有九國也。宋趙鵬飛曰:會葵丘惟六國,會鹹牡丘皆七國,會淮八國,猶漢紀謂叛者九起也。又陽九,戹也。《左思·吳都賦》世際陽九。《註》陽戹五,隂戹四,合爲九。又姓。又複姓。《何氏姓苑》岱縣人,姓九百,名里。又秦穆公時九方阜,一名歅。善相馬,見《列子》。又隷書防詐譌,凡紀數,九借用玖。《𨻰絳曰》洪容齋五筆,九作久,陽數九爲老久義也。玖,黑色玉也。借作玖,非。又《韻會》渠尤切,音仇。國名。《史記·殷本紀》九侯。《註》音仇。又《集韻》《正韻》𠀤居尤切,音鳩。聚也。《論語》九合諸侯。《莊子·天下篇》禹親操橐耜,以九雜天下之川。《註》九,讀糾。糾合錯雜,使川流貫穿注海也。九與鳩糾勼𠀤通。
Fanqie:舉有 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:nine

Example usage

論語·雍也》:原思為之宰,與之粟百,辭。
Yuan Si being made governor of his town by the Master, he gave him nine hundred measures of grain, but Si declined them.
孟子·盡心上》:孟子曰:「有為者辟若掘井,掘井軔而不及泉,猶為棄井也。」
Mencius said, 'A man with definite aims to be accomplished may be compared to one digging a well. To dig the well to a depth of seventy-two cubits, and stop without reaching the spring, is after all throwing away the well.'
禮記·三年問》:月以下何也?
'What about the mourning for nine months' and the shorter periods?
揚子法言》:齡而與我《玄》文。
Only nine years old, and yet he discussed the text of the Tai xuan jing with me.
莊子·逍遙遊》:諧之言曰:「鵬之徙於南冥也,水擊三千里,摶扶搖而上者萬里,去以六月息者也。」
We have in it these words: 'When the peng is removing to the Southern Ocean it flaps (its wings) on the water for 3000 li. Then it ascends on a whirlwind 90,000 li, and it rests only at the end of six months.'
道德經》:層之臺,起於累土。
The tower of nine storeys rose from a (small) heap of earth.
商君書·去強》:王者刑賞一,強國刑七賞三,削國刑五賞五。
In a country that has supremacy, there are nine penalties as against one reward; in a strong country, there will be seven penalties to three rewards, and in a dismembered country, there will be five penalties to five rewards.
孫子兵法·軍形》:善守者,藏于地之下。
The general who is skilled in defense hides in the most secret recesses of the earth.
荀子·大略》:天子諸侯子十而冠,冠而聽治,其教至也。
說苑·君道》:故疏河以導之,鑿江通於派,灑五湖而定東海,民亦勞矣,然而不怨者,利歸於民也。
春秋繁露·竹林》:即位年,未嘗肯一與會同之事。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:》曰:「親結其縭,十其儀。
大戴禮記·夏小正》:月遰鴻雁」,先言遰而後言鴻雁,何也?
白虎通德論·禮樂》:《明堂記》曰:「夷之國,在東門之外。」
新書·脩政語上》:故鬟河而道之牧,鑿江而道之路,灑五湖而定東海
新序·善謀下》:雖彭越、陳狶、盧綰之謀,江燕代之兵,及吳楚之難,關東之兵,雖百萬之師,猶不能以為害者,由保仁德之惠,守關中之固也。
中論·法象》:唐堯之帝允恭克讓而光被四表,成湯不敢怠遑而奄有域,文王祗畏而造彼區夏。
孔子家語·致思》:有懸水三十仞,圜流十里,魚鱉不能道,黿鼉不能居。
潛夫論·遏利》:守志於一廬之內,而義溢乎州之外,信立於千載之上,而名傳乎百世之際。
論衡·氣壽》:求禪得舜,舜徵三十歲在位,堯退而老,八歲而終,至殂落,十八歲
太玄經·玄首都序》:方州部家,三位踈成,曰陳其,以為數生。
風俗通義》:今王室大壞,州幅裂,亂靡有定,生民無幾。
孔叢子·嘉言》:脩肱而龜背,長尺有六寸,成湯之容體也。
申鑒·政體》:一曰不知,二曰不進,三曰不任,四曰不終,五曰以小怨棄大德,六曰以小過黜大功,七曰以小失掩大美,八曰以奸訐傷忠正,曰以邪說亂正度,十曰以讒嫉廢賢能。
新語·道基》:川谷交錯,風化未通,州絕隔,未有舟車之用,以濟深致遠。
獨斷·卷上》:刺史太守相劾奏申下上遷書文亦如之,其徵為卿,若遷京師,近臣則言官具言姓名,其免若得罪無姓。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:建華冠、以鐵為柱卷貫,大珠枚,今以銅為珠,形制似縷簏。
墨子·經說上》:成言務成之,則求執之。
列子·天瑞》:易无形埒,易變而為一,一變而為七,七變而為
鶡冠子·天則》:中參成位,四氣為政,前張後極,左角右鉞,文循理,以省官眾,小大畢舉。
文子·精誠》:竅,藏志意,棄聰明,反無識,芒然仿佯乎塵垢之外,逍遙乎無事之業,含陰吐陽而與萬物同和者,德也。
列仙傳·關令尹》:尹喜亦自著書篇,號曰《關令子》。
老子河上公章句》:大器晚成,大器之人,若鼎瑚璉,不可卒成也。
韓非子·十過》:曰、內不量力,外恃諸侯,則削國之患也。
申不害·佚文》:昔七十代之君,法制不一,號令不同,然而俱王天下,何也?
慎子·逸文》:治水者,茨防決塞,州四海,相似如一,學之於水,不學之于禹也。
諫逐客書》:惠王用張儀之計,拔三川之地,西并巴、蜀,北收上郡,南取漢中,包夷,制鄢、郢,東據成皋之險,割膏腴之壤,遂散六國之從,使之西面事秦,功施到今。
管子·輕重己》:以秋日至始,數十二日,天子北出十二里而壇,服黑而絻黑,朝諸侯卿大夫列士,號曰發繇,趣山人斷伐,具械器。
六韜·文伐》:曰:尊之以名,無難其身。
司馬法·仁本》:會之以發禁者:憑弱犯寡則眚之。
尉繚子·制談》:有提萬之眾,而天下莫能當者,誰?

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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